” WORLD IS MY STUDIO ” Fine Art Exhibition by SDB with 4 Times Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh Shri VIRBHADRA SINGH. 9th Exhibition of SunDeep Bhardwaj SDB ( HDGT Himalayan Deep Globe Trotter be) at Lalit Kala Akedemi Hall , Gaiety Theater , Mall Road , Shimla , Himachal  on Travel Fine Art Photography and Fine Art Media Series #WorldIsMyStudio. 70+ Countries Across 6 Continents . 6 Exhibitions in All 6 Inhabited  Continents and 2 More in Himalayas and India. 2 More planned in near future at Lalit Kala Akedemi , New Delhi and Museum of Modern Arts , Midtown Manhattan , New York , USA.

CM of Himachal Pradesh at #WorldIsMyStudio series Exhibition asking questions and getting briefied about Fine Art Media and Travel series in Prints. Handed over the brochure booklet for the event and a discussion with SDB about showcase.

With 4 times Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh Mr. VIRBHADRA SINGH #VirbhadraSingh at my 9th Exhibition Around the World at Lalit Kala Akedemi Hall , Gaiety Theater , Shimla ( 6 Exhibitions in All Inhabited Six Continents and 2 More in India ) Next Exhibitions planned at Lalit Kala Akedemi , New Delhi and MOMA ( Museum of Modern Arts , Midtown Manhattan, New York )

bit.ly/sdbcm WORLD IS MY STUDIO 70+ Countries Across 6 Continents Travelled , Filmed and Photographed in 2 Decades of Globe Trotting

Share with Short link http://bit.ly/SDBexhibition9CM 

CEO/Founder/Owner

SunDeep Bhardwaj World Productions ® #SDBWP
( Destination Fine Arts Media | New Media | Short Films | 4k UHD HDR 2160p | DCI 4k Cinema | Wedding Cinema | Candid Stills | Cinematic Pre Post Wedding Films | Independent Films | Direction | Production | Web Broadcasting | Live Streaming | On Demand Videos | 360° VR | 360 Non VR | Fine Art Photography | Film Look Stills & Immersive Videos |  Aerial Cinematic Films | Drone Cinematography | Commercial Films | Music Videos | Fine World Designs | FWDa | Branding | Social Media Marketing |  Fine Art Responsive Website Designs | Virtual Tours | PhotoSpheres | Google Street View | Fine Art Portraits | Model Shoots | Men & Child Rights Activism | Commercial Short Films | Business Development | Online Branding and Social Media Consultancy )

About SDB :

A Globe Trotter , Fine Media Artist , Wonders of World , UNESCO World Heritage Sites & Himalayan Arc Fine Art Photographer and Filmmaker , World Traveller , Business Development Manager , Manager ( Sales & Marketing ) , Enterpreneur , Visionary ,  Flight Operations ( Qatar Airways ) , Business Analyst ( American Express Global Research Center , Goregaon ) , Manager Operations 5 Star International Airlines Hotels , Resorts & Palaces  ( Qatar Airways , Cathay Pacific , Quality Inn , Hilton  , Span Resorts , Oberoi’s Rajvilas )

PRESS :

NEWSPAPER DAILIES MAGAZINES
INTERVIEWS :
http://bit.ly/SDBInterview
http://bit.ly/SDBHI or

Original Scan

http://bit.ly/SDBHIorg  

http://bit.ly/PressSDBInterviewMedia

INTERVIEWS on CMTV Blog simple TEXT READS

http://wp.me/p8e2AE-5x

http://wp.me/p8e2AE-5t

http://wp.me/p8e2AE-57

http://wp.me/p8e2AE-5b

Education :

MBA ( Master’s in Business Administration – Sales & Marketing ) Symbiosis , Pune
BPA ( Pub. Admin ) Summer Hills , Shimla , Himachal
BHM ( Bachelor’s in  Hotel Management ) GCC Bangalore

Past Experience :

Varied Positions

– Business Development Manager,  Manager ( Sales & Marketing ), Trainer , Executive , Flight Operations , Business Analyst , Supervisor & Team Leader  in various MNC’s

– 5-Star International Airlines ( Qatar Airways)  9 years Contribution in most Front Line Departments.

– 5-Star Hotels & Resorts ( Quality Inns Chain & Oberoi’s Hotels, Resorts & Palaces ) &

– MNC Banking – ( American Express )

Official SDBWP YouTube Channel

https://YouTube.com/SunDeepBhardwaj

Share CuratedMediaTV YouTube channel in a Short Link http://bit.ly/CuratedMediaTV

Instant or Immediate Response & Contact with SunDeep Bhardwaj CEO/Founder/Owner of SDBWP™ Curated Media TV ® is possible using these Updated Contacts as on 7th Sept 2017. Messaging on Facebook and Facebook Messenger ( Private Nature ) is mainly preferred in our Online Destination Fine Art Media Business Model. We use all kinds of Social & New Media in communications with our clients and followers and in Web broadcasting be it Live Streaming or OnDemand TV in 4k UHD 2160p HDR 360 VR FHD HD Media ( 2 mobile nos 09805305912 / 08627802895 can be skipped for contacting us for sometime as Mobile Software of my old Dual Sim Android Phone have some issues. Planning to buy a new Dual Sim Handset for making these nos contactable in near future )  | SunDeep Bhardwaj World Productions ™® | Curated Media TV™® | Fine World Films | Himalayan Deep Globe Trotter HDGT™ | Him Indie Productions | WAFFA Studios

https://fb.com/SunDeepKullu ( Facebook Messenger for private messages and quotes , pricing , assignments , purchase of SDB Fine Arts )

And Public Profile above with SDB Public page below are another way to contact instantly

https://fb.com/SunDeepBhardwaj

My Permanent International Roaming and India Himachal Himalayas no is

+91 7018153628

WhatsApp Messages Audio Call and Video Call is possible on this Main no anytime I am available. I definitely revert as I read the message though sometimes I am quite busy and may not be able to revert if on assignment

Skype , Tango with Google Hangouts Aleo Duo are my preferred way of Video Chat and Group Video conferences with international clients and enquires.

Another main way of connecting with me if I am away from internet is SMS on +91 7018153628

My Secondary Mobile Contact Nos are

+91 9805305912 ( Not using this no for few months but will be active soon  )

+91 8627802895 ( Not using this no for some time but will be active soon )

+91 9816410671 ( Leave a message )

Flickr Photostream : https://Flickr.com/photos/wittysam

https://Instagram.com/sdbwp

Chaterokhri, MLSM College Rd, CHATERROKHRI, Sundernagar, Himachal Pradesh 175018

098053 05912

Destination Fine Art Media Links

Locations Served : Worldwide | Himalayas | Himachal | New Delhi | Jaipur | Kullu | Shimla | Kangra – Dharamshala | Bilaspur – Ghumarwin |Mandi – Sundernagar

Simply Google Search these keywords

SDB Fine Art | SunDeep Bhardwaj | FINE WED SDBWP | FINE WORLD FILMS

Google Maps | Earth | Business Pages in Himachal Himalayas

SDBWP ™ SunDeep Bhardwaj World Productions ™®

http://bit.ly/Sdbwp or

https://goo.gl/maps/CEvZC8xkbL32

Fine Art Wedding’s by SDBWP™ FINE WED SDBWP ™®

GOOGLE MAPS | EARTH | BUSINESS PAGE

http://bit.ly/FineWedSDBWP or

https://goo.gl/maps/g37RAwq3DR52

Interesting Photos in a Interesting Design

Popular & Most Viewed Photostories

v.gd/fluidr

Password Protected Showreel

http://bit.ly/FineWedP

Latest 4k UHD 2160p releases on Youtube :

http://bit.ly/SpellbindingSeraj

Easy sharing of contacts with short link :

http://bit.ly/ContactSDB

http://bit.ly/WAFAsnrW

Email to be used for social networking accounts listed here

WittySam@gmail.com ,

SundeepKullu@gmail.com , HimalayanDeepgGlobeTrotter@gmail.com , CuratedMediaTV@gmail.com
SB@SunDeepKullu.com.    ( ***** Kindly CC/BCC in email to all of above emails ( Allready Comma Separated ) while contacting us in by simply copy and paste of above emails.

Anonymous Constructive Messages on

SunDeepBhardwaj.sarahah.com

HDGT.sarahah.com

Blogs ( Weblog’s Website Log’s )

SDBWP.wordpress.com

CuratedMediaTV.wordpress.com

Blog.SunDeepKullu.com

SunDeepKullu.weebly.com

Tumblr.SunDeepKullu.com

CuratedMedia.tumblr.com/archive

SDBWP Live Streaming , On Demand Aerial Media or Reality Catch TV is also available primarily online on these channels along with http://YouTube.com/SunDeepBhardwaj

FACEBOOK

SDB PROFILE 1 ( To Follow ) :

http://bit.ly/SDBKullu

http://fb.com/SunDeepKullu ( Friend List is full but must channel to follow as major releases come here first )

Other Online Channels used every now and then :

PAGE :

http://bit.ly/SDBWPpage 5700+ Likes

SDB PROFILE 2 ( To Add a friend ) :

http://bit.ly/SDBHP

or

http://fb.com/SunDeepHimachal

PAGES :
http://bit.ly/kullu

55,000+ Likes

http://bit.ly/SDBhp

10,000+ Likes

http://bit.ly/BPEarth

13,000+ Likes

http://bit.ly/Sundernagar
http://bit.ly/UnescoGHNP
GROUPS :
http://bit.ly/AOPWorld 3k+ Members
http://bit.ly/himachal
OFFICIAL BLOGS :
http://SunDeepKullu.com/blog
http://tumblr.SunDeepKullu.com/archive
FINE ART WEDDINGs by SDBWP ™ ®

Cinematic Pre Post Wedding Films Songs Highlights, Candid Wedding Still Photography, Creative UHD Wedding Album Designs, Fine Art Printed Custom Wedding Albums, Acrylic Metal Canvas Fine Art Paper Prints , Online Albums, Mobile Wedding Carousals, Invitational Websites, Online Wedding Books, Family Responsive Websites
Please Do Feel Free to Ask for a Quote or information on various packages on offer with PowerPoint Presentation
PRE POST WEDDINGS films Showreels :

http://bit.ly/FAWbySDBWP

( Only old archives available online. For new releases in recent years contact in person as we like to keep our recent work private )
WEDDING ALBUM DESIGNS :

http://bit.ly/FineWedDesigns

CANVERA :

http://bit.ly/CanveraFineWed

*****Thanks for making us No. 1 in Himachal ( Most Popular , Most Viewed , Premium Weddings Enterprise doing Still & Film in Top Quality Fine Art Still 360° VR Live Panaroma Immersive Videos Aerial & UHD 4k / Full HD in Premium Price and Quality category in Himachal Himalayas and 1st local enterprise to start Cinematic Pre-Post Wedding Still 360 VR Aerial Live & Cinematic Films in Hill State of Himachal multiple years before the trend started getting followed by other Studios and Videography businesses around ) .

Wedding Highlights https://youtu.be/0IG3D0wL5r8
Love Song 1 https://youtu.be/3_QKqcaTsGc
Love Song 2 https://youtu.be/_PIpK5nPvuI
Teaser 1 https://youtu.be/wRWA9Dd9QwA
Full Wedding Highlights https://youtu.be/7Xbnc9d0WvQ
Love Song 2 https://youtu.be/Y5qKegG6KOc
Events LSCA ZOMSA New Delhi 2016 https://youtu.be/NuRQF0w1hv4;
YOGSUTRA.co :

*I AM A GLOBE TROTTER

*A FINE MEDIA ARTIST

*EARTH IS MY CANVAS

*FINE ART IN MY STILLS , DESIGNS & GRAPHIC MEDIA

*MOUNTAINS MY FIRST LOVE

*AERIAL CINEMATIC UHD FILMs STILL 360° VR MY FORTE

*SOULFUL FINE ART MEDIA I FILM , DIRECT, PRODUCE & WEBCAST AT SDBWP™

*SunDeep Bhardwaj IS MY NAME

*HIMALAYAS MY HOME

*WORLD IS MY STUDIO

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” WORLD IS MY STUDIO ” Fine Art Exhibition by SDB with 4 Times Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh Shri VIRBHADRA SINGH. 9th Exhibition of SunDeep Bhardwaj SDB ( HDGT Himalayan Deep Globe Trotter be) at Lalit Kala Akedemi Hall , Gaiety Theater , Mall Road , Shimla , Himachal  on Travel Fine Art Photography and Fine Art Media Series #WorldIsMyStudio. 70+ Countries Across 6 Continents . 6 Exhibitions in All 6 Inhabited  Continents and 2 More in Himalayas and India. 2 More planned in near future at Lalit Kala Akedemi , New Delhi and Museum of Modern Arts , Midtown Manhattan , New York , USA.

Master Pre Poll Results मास्टर प्री पोल रिजल्ट्स Himachal Pradesh हिमाचल प्रदेश MLA Elections 2017 एम एल ए एलेक्शन्स 2017 Source : Siyasat Channel सियासत चैनल Curated in Blog by : SDBWP™ Curated Media TV

Himachal Pradesh Assembly Elections 
Pre Poll Results 
Video Source : SIYASAT Channel

Post by : Curated Media TV BY SDBWP™®

2017 HIMACHAL ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS Pre Poll CURATED: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLyO2aC30ni_ZiKfZqs-ZwiZeBwbobuzMe

Curated and Presented by 
SDBWP™ Curated Media TV ™®

2017 HIMACHAL ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS Pre Poll CURATED: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLyO2aC30ni_ZiKfZqs-ZwiZeBwbobuzMe

Source : SIYASAT Channel 

Blog by : SDBWP™ Curated Media TV
WHO WILL BE YOUR NEXT DESERVING MLA IN HIMACHAL or WHO WILL BE THE NEXT CHIEF MINISTER OF HIMACHAL PRADESH AFTER WINNING MAJORITY IN UPCOMING ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS ? WILL THERE B A NEW PARTY COMING UP AND CHANGING THE ROUTINE  BATTLE BETWEEN BJP and CONGRESS ? WILL THIS BE A ELECTION OF INDEPENDENTS ? Which  parties will make to Top 2 or even Top 3/4 in upcoming Himachal Assembly Elections 2017 and weather some Independents making a mark worth a Himachal Coalition of Independents Party ( Virtual ). AAP may contest elections too and Yes a party a new one a third option has already arrived by name UTTRI BHARAT SWABHIMAN PARTY and will it be a new beginning. Well whatever be the case we need a desrving CM a role model.

Sharing Short link http://bit.ly/CmHimachal2017-22
WHO WILL BE NEXT CHIEF MINISTER OF HIMACHAL PRADESH AFTER WINNING MAJORITY IN UPCOMING ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS ? WILL THERE B A NEW PARTY COMING UP AND CHANGING THE ROUTINE BATTLE BATTLE BETWEEN BJP and CONGRESS ? WILL THIS BE A ELECTION OF INDEPENDENTS ? ( Read below before you comment. Not asking loyal party volunteers to give there views as I know you will vote for whom you have decided irrespective of long term implications and sacrificing development and growth. But this post is for general public and youth who are more concerned and serious about choosing the right MLA and thus a right CM, who is well deserved and can deliver and be a role model rather than just orate  on promises and do all that election tricks and gimics ). Which  parties will make to Top 3 or even 4 in upcoming Himachal Assembly Elections 2017.

A serious question and very tough decision for of people of Himachal who usually find themselves ignore from the day the election results are declared till the next election after years. Who feel they have been cheated for votes and then see these babus in big cars and in Chief guest events and parties and processions but never next to them even for a minutes forget 5 years. Well if development is on mind then no point repeating New Delhi here as Center is led by BJP . And VBS is  contesting for 7th time at 84 year age and is one strong pillar of Congress still existing in Himachal and dominant. Well will Mr. J P Nadda contest himself or pace way for Mr. Dhumal for next election ? Or will it be one of two new parities one is Uttari Bharat Swabhiman Party or if AAP decides to repeat New Delhi or Punjab here. Even a virtual party can exist with Independents winning in Himachal and making a coalition. Well all possibilities as people are looking for one great option irrespective of party brands a leader who is ready to serve the people and be visible and attending to there problems , is distant from corruption and opportunist attitude and even one who takes pride to he himachali and swear for it’s development and improving infrastructure , tourism , agriculture and protect the degrading environment in a sustainable way and even create great job opportunities and lead to a top Human Development Index .

Well nothing is impossible we just need to value the vote and give it to right person and if none is best suited for the position then voting for NONE OF ABOVE is one option but will that not point out to the people and leaders who gave tickets to undeserving. Well they say MLA seats allocations have high influence and monetory factors and yes it’s business of one time investment and 5 years of business profits. But will Himachal public and youth Rose to occasion to choose No One or the Worthy One anyways one will anyways lead but will the majority of youth and educated guide others nearby and make a roght choice in a cumulative manner or will Himachal remain plagued by Politics without ethics. Well its not about BJP and Congress And AAP and UBSB or INDEPENDENT S but it’s about Best of Best from choosen right polititions not the Corrupt ones. We need a clean and developing and effective governence. Mr JP Nadda has done a lot by giving is AIIMS and lot more will.he choose to.keave the Union Health ministry and join as CM Himachal ..will VBS make some developed for even other states rather than Shimla ? Will Vikramaditya Singh be a great support and carry his legacy ? Or  Will Dhumal lead the group with something new rather than critics and his great son Anurah with great fan following or will a new face and trend catch up. Well lot of questions and one person to become CM who wins hearts answers these questions and is is truthful and a noble person.

#HpAssemblyElextions2017 #HimachalPradeshAssemblyElections #JpNadda #VirbhadraSingh #VikramadityaSingh#Dhumal # #Anurag #l #ArvindKejriwal #AapHimachal #UBSP #UttriBharatSwabhimanParty #BjpHimachal #CongressHimachal #UbspHimachal #IndependentCoalition

Talking of Illusion around in Sundernagar about who will get the BJP seat in Sundernagar amoung many candidates

And who will give a good fight to present MLA Sh. Sohan Lal Thakur is a confusion with a big question who will actually win Sundernagar seat ?

सुन्दरनगर 2017 विधानसभा चुनाव अनमोल प्री-पोल (अनन्य वोटिंग अनुमोदित) विधायक के चुनावों ’17 द्वारा HimReporter ™ वर्ड प्रेस एचआरडब्ल्यूपी ® वेब टी वी, ऑनलाइन पत्रकारिता, बेनामी रिपोर्टिंग और प्रसारण, वायरल ट्रू कहानियां, नागरिक पत्रकारिता, नई मीडिया
SUNDERNAGAR 2017 Assembly Elections ANONYMOUS PRE-POLL (Anonymous Voting Allowed) of MLA ELECTIONs’17 by HimReporter ™ Word Press HRWP ® WebTV, Online Journalism, Anonymous Reporting & Broadcasting, Viral True Stories, Citizen Journalism, New Media
हिंदी और इंग्लिश दोनो में प्री पोल

Both Hindi English Polls here 
हिंदी प्री पोल

Hindi Poll
https://poll.fbapp.io/kwappq
इंग्लिश प्री पोल

English Poll
https://poll.fbapp.io/sundernagar-election-poll-by-sdbwp
Brought to you by  #HimReporter #HimReporterWordPress #HRwebTV #CuratedMediaTV #FineWorldMedia #AnonymousTV #AgyaatTV #OnlineJournalism #CitizenJournalism #WebTV #WebBroadcasting #SDBWP #NewMedia
HimReporter.WordPress.com
Who will win and get your vote in the upcoming 2017 Legislative Assembly MLA Elections in Sundernagar Mandi Himachal India
ANONYMOUS PRE-POLL
You can vote Anonymously here for #SundernagarElections2017 #SundernagarAssemblyElectionsHimachal2017
सुन्दरनगर मंडी हिमाचल इंडिया में आने वाले 2017 विधानसभा विधायक चुनावों में कौन आपका वोट प्राप्त कर इलेक्शन जीतेगा और आगे चल कर नए चीफ मिनिस्टर और गवर्नमेंट का आधार रखेगा ?
अनाम ( गुमनाम , अनन्य ) प्री-पोल
आप सुंदरनगर MLA ईलेक्शन 2017 के लिए अनाम रूप से यहाँ वोट कर सकते हैं गोपनीयता सुनिश्चित है।
#SundernagarElections2017

 #SundernagarAssemblyElectionsHimachal2017

#सुंदरनगरचुनाव 2007 #सुन्दरनगरविधानसभाचुनावहिमाचल2017
Kindly note :
***** This pre – poll changes the order of options randomly every time. So no preference or priority is given to anyone showing at start or end. The positions of cadidates and options shuffles every time.
Options of ” None of Ones Listed Here ” and ” Independent ” 

and ” Some Other New Face ” are also listed here to cast your power if you are not sure of who should be the Major face and not want to choose anyone of listed candidates. Kindly choose wisely.
You can also vote Anonymously here for #SundernagarElections2017 #SundernagarAssemblyElectionsHimachal2017

#सुंदरनगरचुनाव2007 #सुन्दरनगरविधानसभाचुनावहिमाचल2017
कृपया ध्यान दें :
***** यह पूर्व चुनाव पोल में ऑर्डर बदलता है इसलिए शुरुआत या अंत में किसी को दिखाए जाने के लिए कोई प्राथमिकता नहीं दी गयी है। कैडिडेट्स और ऑप्शन्स की स्थिति हर बार यहां बदली जाती है जब आप पेज को फ़ॉर से लोड करें।
” यहाँ सूचीबद्ध कोई भी व्यक्ति नहीं None of Ones Listed Here ” और ” स्वतंत्र Independent ” के विकल्प

और ” कुछ अन्य नए चेहरे Some Other New Faces ” को भी अपनी शक्ति डालने के लिए यहां सूचीबद्ध किया गया है यदि आप यह सुनिश्चित नहीं कर पाते हैं कि कौन बड़ा चेहरा होना चाहिए और सूचीबद्ध उम्मीदवारों में से किस को आप चुनना चाहते है । कृपया बुद्धिमानी से चुनें ।
आप सुंदरनगर ईलेक्ट्स 2017 के लिए यहां अनाम अनन्य गुमनाम वोट भी दे सकते हैं 
#SundernagarElections2017

#SundernagarAssemblyElectionsHimachal2017

#सुंदरनगरचुनाव2017 #सुन्दरनगरविधानसभाचुनावहिमाचल2017
द्वारा लाया गया Brought to you by  
#HimReporter #HimReporterWordPress #HRwebTV #HRWP #हरवप #HRWPpoll2017 #हिमरिपोर्टरद्वारालायागया #CuratedMediaTV #FineWorldMedia #AnonymousTV #AgyaatTV #OnlineJournalism #CitizenJournalism #WebTV #WebBroadcasting #SDBWP #NewMedia
सुन्नरगर 2017 विधानसभा चुनाव प्री-पोल ( अनाम अनन्य गुमनाम वोटिंग अनुमोदित ) विधायक के चुनावों ’17 – HimReporter ™ वर्ड प्रेस , इसडीडब्ल्यूपी ® वेब टी वी, ऑनलाइन पत्रकारिता, बेनामी रिपोर्टिंग और प्रसारण, वायरल ट्रू कहानियां, नागरिक पत्रकारिता, नई मीडिया
हिंदी और इंग्लिश दोनो में प्री पोल

Both Hindi English Polls here 
हिंदी प्री पोल

Hindi Poll
https://poll.fbapp.io/kwappq
इंग्लिश प्री पोल

English Poll
https://poll.fbapp.io/sundernagar-election-poll-by-sdbwp

Master Pre Poll Results मास्टर प्री पोल रिजल्ट्स Himachal Pradesh हिमाचल प्रदेश MLA Elections 2017 एम एल ए एलेक्शन्स 2017 Source : Siyasat Channel सियासत चैनल Curated in Blog by : SDBWP™ Curated Media TV

HIMACHAL ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS 2017 MASTER POLL RESULTS . WHO WILL BE THE WINNERS ? WHAT IS THE ELECTION WAVE NOW ? PRE POLL RESULTS – VIDEO BY SIYASAT CHANNEL , CURATED MEDIA TV SDBWP ™® RESULTS OF 10 VIP SEATS , WHO WILL BE NEXT CHIEF MINISTER ?

Himachal Pradesh Assembly Elections 
Pre Poll Results 
Video Source : SIYASAT Channel

Post by : Curated Media TV BY SDBWP™®

2017 HIMACHAL ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS Pre Poll CURATED: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLyO2aC30ni_ZiKfZqs-ZwiZeBwbobuzMe

Curated and Presented by 
SDBWP™ Curated Media TV ™®

2017 HIMACHAL ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS Pre Poll CURATED: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLyO2aC30ni_ZiKfZqs-ZwiZeBwbobuzMe

Source : SIYASAT Channel 

Blog by : SDBWP™ Curated Media TV
WHO WILL BE YOUR NEXT DESERVING MLA IN HIMACHAL or WHO WILL BE THE NEXT CHIEF MINISTER OF HIMACHAL PRADESH AFTER WINNING MAJORITY IN UPCOMING ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS ? WILL THERE B A NEW PARTY COMING UP AND CHANGING THE ROUTINE BATTLE BATTLE BETWEEN BJP and CONGRESS ? WILL THIS BE A ELECTION OF INDEPENDENTS ? Which  parties will make to Top 3 or even Top 4 in upcoming Himachal Assembly Elections 2017 and weather some Independents making a mark worth a Himachal Coalition of Independents Party ( Virtual ). AAP may contest elections too and Yes a party a new one a third option has already arrived by name UTTRI BHARAT SWABHIMAN PARTY and will it be a new beginning. Well whatever be the case we need a desrving CM a role model.



Sharing Short link http://bit.ly/CmHimachal2017-22
WHO WILL BE NEXT CHIEF MINISTER OF HIMACHAL PRADESH AFTER WINNING MAJORITY IN UPCOMING ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS ? WILL THERE B A NEW PARTY COMING UP AND CHANGING THE ROUTINE BATTLE BATTLE BETWEEN BJP and CONGRESS ? WILL THIS BE A ELECTION OF INDEPENDENTS ? ( Read below before you comment. Not asking loyal party volunteers to give there views as I know you will vote for whom you have decided irrespective of long term implications and sacrificing development and growth. But this post is for general public and youth who are more concerned and serious about choosing the right MLA and thus a right CM, who is well deserved and can deliver and be a role model rather than just orate  on promises and do all that election tricks and gimics ). Which  parties will make to Top 3 or even 4 in upcoming Himachal Assembly Elections 2017.

A serious question and very tough decision for of people of Himachal who usually find themselves ignore from the day the election results are declared till the next election after years. Who feel they have been cheated for votes and then see these babus in big cars and in Chief guest events and parties and processions but never next to them even for a minutes forget 5 years. Well if development is on mind then no point repeating New Delhi here as Center is led by BJP . And VBS is  contesting for 7th time at 84 year age and is one strong pillar of Congress still existing in Himachal and dominant. Well will Mr. J P Nadda contest himself or pace way for Mr. Dhumal for next election ? Or will it be one of two new parities one is Uttari Bharat Swabhiman Party or if AAP decides to repeat New Delhi or Punjab here. Even a virtual party can exist with Independents winning in Himachal and making a coalition. Well all possibilities as people are looking for one great option irrespective of party brands a leader who is ready to serve the people and be visible and attending to there problems , is distant from corruption and opportunist attitude and even one who takes pride to he himachali and swear for it’s development and improving infrastructure , tourism , agriculture and protect the degrading environment in a sustainable way and even create great job opportunities and lead to a top Human Development Index .

Well nothing is impossible we just need to value the vote and give it to right person and if none is best suited for the position then voting for NONE OF ABOVE is one option but will that not point out to the people and leaders who gave tickets to undeserving. Well they say MLA seats allocations have high influence and monetory factors and yes it’s business of one time investment and 5 years of business profits. But will Himachal public and youth Rose to occasion to choose No One or the Worthy One anyways one will anyways lead but will the majority of youth and educated guide others nearby and make a roght choice in a cumulative manner or will Himachal remain plagued by Politics without ethics. Well its not about BJP and Congress And AAP and UBSB or INDEPENDENT S but it’s about Best of Best from choosen right polititions not the Corrupt ones. We need a clean and developing and effective governence. Mr JP Nadda has done a lot by giving is AIIMS and lot more will.he choose to.keave the Union Health ministry and join as CM Himachal ..will VBS make some developed for even other states rather than Shimla ? Will Vikramaditya Singh be a great support and carry his legacy ? Or  Will Dhumal lead the group with something new rather than critics and his great son Anurah with great fan following or will a new face and trend catch up. Well lot of questions and one person to become CM who wins hearts answers these questions and is is truthful and a noble person.

#HpAssemblyElextions2017 #HimachalPradeshAssemblyElections #JpNadda #VirbhadraSingh #VikramadityaSingh#Dhumal # #Anurag #l #ArvindKejriwal #AapHimachal #UBSP #UttriBharatSwabhimanParty #BjpHimachal #CongressHimachal #UbspHimachal #IndependentCoalition

Source : दैनिक सवेरा 21-9-2017 analysis
Anonymous New Poll 
सुन्दरनगर 2017 विधानसभा चुनाव अनमोल प्री-पोल (अनन्य वोटिंग अनुमोदित) विधायक के चुनावों ’17 द्वारा HimReporter ™ वर्ड प्रेस एचआरडब्ल्यूपी ® वेब टी वी, ऑनलाइन पत्रकारिता, बेनामी रिपोर्टिंग और प्रसारण, वायरल ट्रू कहानियां, नागरिक पत्रकारिता, नई मीडिया
SUNDERNAGAR 2017 Assembly Elections ANONYMOUS PRE-POLL (Anonymous Voting Allowed) of MLA ELECTIONs’17 by HimReporter ™ Word Press HRWP ® WebTV, Online Journalism, Anonymous Reporting & Broadcasting, Viral True Stories, Citizen Journalism, New Media
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Who will win and get your vote in the upcoming 2017 Legislative Assembly MLA Elections in Sundernagar Mandi Himachal India
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आप सुंदरनगर ईलेक्ट्स 2017 के लिए यहां अनाम अनन्य गुमनाम वोट भी दे सकते हैं 
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सुन्नरगर 2017 विधानसभा चुनाव प्री-पोल ( अनाम अनन्य गुमनाम वोटिंग अनुमोदित ) विधायक के चुनावों ’17 – HimReporter ™ वर्ड प्रेस , इसडीडब्ल्यूपी ® वेब टी वी, ऑनलाइन पत्रकारिता, बेनामी रिपोर्टिंग और प्रसारण, वायरल ट्रू कहानियां, नागरिक पत्रकारिता, नई मीडिया
हिंदी और इंग्लिश दोनो में प्री पोल

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हिंदी प्री पोल

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https://poll.fbapp.io/kwappq
इंग्लिश प्री पोल

English Poll
https://poll.fbapp.io/sundernagar-election-poll-by-sdbwp

HIMACHAL ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS 2017 MASTER POLL RESULTS . WHO WILL BE THE WINNERS ? WHAT IS THE ELECTION WAVE NOW ? PRE POLL RESULTS – VIDEO BY SIYASAT CHANNEL , CURATED MEDIA TV SDBWP ™® RESULTS OF 10 VIP SEATS , WHO WILL BE NEXT CHIEF MINISTER ?

हिमाचल विधानसभा चुनाव 2017 मास्टर पोल परिणाम विजेता कौन होंगे ? अब चुनाव लहर क्या है? मास्टर प्री पोल परिणाम – सियासत चैनल द्वारा वीडियो, क्यूरेटीड मीडिया टीवी एसडीबीडब्ल्यूपी ™ 10 वीआईपी सीटों का परिणाम, कौन अगली मुख्य मंत्री होगा? #SDBWP #CuratedMediaTV #VideoSiyasatChannel #PrePollHpAssemblyElections #PrePollResults

हिमाचल प्रदेश विधानसभा चुनाव

पूर्व मतदान परिणाम

वीडियो स्रोत: सियासत चैनल

द्वारा : क्यूरेटीड मीडिया टी वी

2017 HIMACHAL ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS Pre Poll CURATED: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLyO2aC30ni_ZiKfZqs-ZwiZeBwbobuzMe

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Himachal Pradesh Assembly Elections 

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2017 HIMACHAL ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS Pre Poll CURATED: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLyO2aC30ni_ZiKfZqs-ZwiZeBwbobuzMe

Source : SIYASAT Channel 

Blog by : SDBWP™ Curated Media TV
WHO WILL BE YOUR NEXT DESERVING MLA IN HIMACHAL or WHO WILL BE THE NEXT CHIEF MINISTER OF HIMACHAL PRADESH AFTER WINNING MAJORITY IN UPCOMING ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS ? WILL THERE B A NEW PARTY COMING UP AND CHANGING THE ROUTINE BATTLE BATTLE BETWEEN BJP and CONGRESS ? WILL THIS BE A ELECTION OF INDEPENDENTS ? Which  parties will make to Top 3 or even Top 4 in upcoming Himachal Assembly Elections 2017 and weather some Independents making a mark worth a Himachal Coalition of Independents Party ( Virtual ). AAP may contest elections too and Yes a party a new one a third option has already arrived by name UTTRI BHARAT SWABHIMAN PARTY and will it be a new beginning. Well whatever be the case we need a desrving CM a role model.

Sharing Short link http://bit.ly/CmHimachal2017-22
WHO WILL BE NEXT CHIEF MINISTER OF HIMACHAL PRADESH AFTER WINNING MAJORITY IN UPCOMING ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS ? WILL THERE B A NEW PARTY COMING UP AND CHANGING THE ROUTINE BATTLE BATTLE BETWEEN BJP and CONGRESS ? WILL THIS BE A ELECTION OF INDEPENDENTS ? ( Read below before you comment. Not asking loyal party volunteers to give there views as I know you will vote for whom you have decided irrespective of long term implications and sacrificing development and growth. But this post is for general public and youth who are more concerned and serious about choosing the right MLA and thus a right CM, who is well deserved and can deliver and be a role model rather than just orate  on promises and do all that election tricks and gimics ). Which  parties will make to Top 3 or even 4 in upcoming Himachal Assembly Elections 2017.

A serious question and very tough decision for of people of Himachal who usually find themselves ignore from the day the election results are declared till the next election after years. Who feel they have been cheated for votes and then see these babus in big cars and in Chief guest events and parties and processions but never next to them even for a minutes forget 5 years. Well if development is on mind then no point repeating New Delhi here as Center is led by BJP . And VBS is  contesting for 7th time at 84 year age and is one strong pillar of Congress still existing in Himachal and dominant. Well will Mr. J P Nadda contest himself or pace way for Mr. Dhumal for next election ? Or will it be one of two new parities one is Uttari Bharat Swabhiman Party or if AAP decides to repeat New Delhi or Punjab here. Even a virtual party can exist with Independents winning in Himachal and making a coalition. Well all possibilities as people are looking for one great option irrespective of party brands a leader who is ready to serve the people and be visible and attending to there problems , is distant from corruption and opportunist attitude and even one who takes pride to he himachali and swear for it’s development and improving infrastructure , tourism , agriculture and protect the degrading environment in a sustainable way and even create great job opportunities and lead to a top Human Development Index .

Well nothing is impossible we just need to value the vote and give it to right person and if none is best suited for the position then voting for NONE OF ABOVE is one option but will that not point out to the people and leaders who gave tickets to undeserving. Well they say MLA seats allocations have high influence and monetory factors and yes it’s business of one time investment and 5 years of business profits. But will Himachal public and youth Rose to occasion to choose No One or the Worthy One anyways one will anyways lead but will the majority of youth and educated guide others nearby and make a roght choice in a cumulative manner or will Himachal remain plagued by Politics without ethics. Well its not about BJP and Congress And AAP and UBSB or INDEPENDENT S but it’s about Best of Best from choosen right polititions not the Corrupt ones. We need a clean and developing and effective governence. Mr JP Nadda has done a lot by giving is AIIMS and lot more will.he choose to.keave the Union Health ministry and join as CM Himachal ..will VBS make some developed for even other states rather than Shimla ? Will Vikramaditya Singh be a great support and carry his legacy ? Or  Will Dhumal lead the group with something new rather than critics and his great son Anurah with great fan following or will a new face and trend catch up. Well lot of questions and one person to become CM who wins hearts answers these questions and is is truthful and a noble person.

#HpAssemblyElextions2017 #HimachalPradeshAssemblyElections #JpNadda #VirbhadraSingh #VikramadityaSingh#Dhumal # #Anurag #l #ArvindKejriwal #AapHimachal #UBSP #UttriBharatSwabhimanParty #BjpHimachal #CongressHimachal #UbspHimachal #IndependentCoalition

हिमाचल विधानसभा चुनाव 2017 मास्टर पोल परिणाम विजेता कौन होंगे ? अब चुनाव लहर क्या है? मास्टर प्री पोल परिणाम – सियासत चैनल द्वारा वीडियो, क्यूरेटीड मीडिया टीवी एसडीबीडब्ल्यूपी ™ 10 वीआईपी सीटों का परिणाम, कौन अगली मुख्य मंत्री होगा? #SDBWP #CuratedMediaTV #VideoSiyasatChannel #PrePollHpAssemblyElections #PrePollResults

Happy Navratri 21-29 Sept 2017.  VICTORY OF GOOD OVER EVIL. Shubh Navratrey. Know about Navratri or Navaratri festival. It is a nine-day long festival that is celebrated across India during the autumn season. Read more …

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Navratri (Sanskrit: नवरात्रि, literally “nine nights”), also spelled Navaratri or Navarathri, is a multi-day Hindu festival celebrated in the autumn every year. It is observed for different reasons and celebrated differently in various parts of the Indian subcontinent.[2][1] Theoretically, there are four seasonal Navratri. However, in practice, it is the post-monsoon autumn festival called Sharad Navratri that is the most observed in the honor of the divine feminine Devi (Durga). The festival is celebrated in the bright half of the Hindu calendar month Ashvin, which typically falls in the Gregorian months of September and October.

Navratri


In the eastern and northeastern states of India, the Durga Puja is synonymous with Navratri, wherein goddess Durga battles and emerges victorious over the buffalo demon to help restore Dharma. In the northern and western states, the festival is synonymous with “Rama Lila” and Dussehra that celebrates the battle and victory of god Rama over the demon king Ravana.[1] In southern states, the victory of different goddesses, of Rama or Saraswati is celebrated. In all cases, the common theme is the battle and victory of Good over Evil based on a regionally famous epic or legend such as the Ramayana or the Devi Mahatmya.


Celebrations include stage decorations, recital of the legend, enacting of the story, and chanting of the scriptures of Hinduism. The nine days are also a major crop season cultural event, such as competitive design and staging of pandals, a family visit to these pandals and the public celebration of classical and folk dances of Hindu culture.[4][5][6] On the final day, called the Vijayadashami or Dussehra, the statues are either immersed in a water body such as river and ocean, or alternatively the statue symbolizing the evil is burnt with fireworks marking evil’s destruction. The festival also starts the preparation for one of the most important and widely celebrated holidays, Diwali, the festival of lights, which is celebrated twenty days after the Vijayadashami or Dussehra.

Etymology and nomenclatureEdit

The word Navratri means ‘nine nights’ in Sanskritnava meaning nine and ratri meaning nights.[3]

Dates and celebrationsEdit

In Northern, Central and Western states of India, the Ramlila play is enacted during Navratri by rural artists (above).

Navaratri festival is an occasion of classical and folk dance performances at Hindu temples. In picture it’s AmbajiTemple of Gujarat

According to some Hindu texts such as the Shakta and Vaishnava Puranas, Navaratri theoretically falls twice or four times a year. Of these, the Sharada Navaratri near autumn equinox (September-October) is the most celebrated, and the Vasanta Navaratri near spring equinox (March-April) is next most significant to the culture of Indian subcontinent. In all cases, Navaratri falls in the bright half of the Hindu luni-solar months. The celebrations vary by region, leaving much to the creativity and preferences of the Hindu.

  1. Sharada Navaratri: the most celebrated of the four navaratris, named after sharada which means autumn. It is observed the lunar month of Ashvin(post-monsoon, September–October). In many regions the festival falls after autumn harvest, and in others during harvest.

2. Vasanta Navaratri: the second most celebrated, named after vasanta which means spring. It is observed the lunar month of Chaitra (post-winter, March–April). In many regions the festival falls after spring harvest, and in others during harvest.

The other two navratris are minor and observed regionally or by individuals:

3.Magha Navaratri: in Magha (January–February), winter season. The fifth day of this festival is often independently observed as Vasant Panchami or Basant Panchami, the official start of spring in the Hindu tradition wherein goddess Saraswati is revered through arts, music, writing, kite flying. In some regions, the Hindu god of love, Kama is revered.

4.Ashada Navaratri: in Ashadha (June–July), start of the monsoon season.

The Sharada Navratri commences on the first day (pratipada) of the bright fortnight of the lunar month of Ashvini. The festival is celebrated for nine nights once every year during this month, which typically falls in the Gregorian months of September and October. The exact dates of the festival are determined according to the Hindu luni-solar calendar, and sometimes the festival may be held for a day more or a day less depending on the adjustments for sun and moon movements and the leap year.

The festivities extend beyond goddess Durga and god Rama. Various other goddesses such as Saraswati and Lakshmi, gods such as Ganesha, Kartikeya, Shiva and Krishna are regionally revered. For example, a notable pan-Hindu tradition during Navratri is the adoration of Saraswati, the Hindu goddess of knowledge, learning, music and arts through Ayudha Puja.[14] On this day, which typically falls on the ninth day of Navratri after the Good has won over Evil through Durga or Rama, peace and knowledge is celebrated. Warriors thank, decorate and worship their weapons, offering prayers to Saraswati.[15] Musicians upkeep their musical instruments, play and pray to them. Farmers, carpenters, smiths, pottery makers, shopkeepers and all sorts of trades people similarly decorate and worship their equipment, machinery and tools of trade. Students visit their teachers, express respect and seek their blessings.[14][16] This tradition is particularly strong in South India, but is observed elsewhere too.

To some, Navratri is a cultural and social festival which marks family time, along with the celebration of various performance arts. Navratri has been called the Hindu festival of dance.

Regional practicesEdit

Navaratri is celebrated in different ways throughout India.[20] Some fast, others feast. Some revere the same Mother Goddess but different aspects of her, while others revere avatars of Vishnu, particularly of Rama.[9] The Chaitra Navaratri culminates in Rama Navami on the ninth day,[21] and the Sharada Navaratri culminates in Durga Puja and Dussehra.[9]

The Rama Navami remembers the birth of Rama, preceded by nine days of Ramayana recital particularly among the Vaishnava temples.[21] In the past, Shakta Hindus used to recite Durga’s legends during the Chaitra Navaratri, but this practice around the spring equinox has been declining. For most contemporary Hindus, it is the Navaratri around the autumn equinox that is the major festival and the one observed. To Bengali Hindus and to Shakta Hindus outside of eastern and northeastern states of India, the term Navaratri implies Durga Puja in the warrior goddess aspect of Devi. In other traditions of Hinduism, the term Navaratri implies something else or the celebration of Hindu goddess but in her more peaceful forms such as Saraswati – the Hindu goddess of knowledge, learning, music and other arts.[9][20] In Nepal, Navaratri is called Dasain, and is a major annual homecoming and family event that celebrates the bonds between elders and youngsters with Tika Puja, as well as across family and community members.

 

Eastern India and West Bengal
Two Durga Puja pandals in Kolkata during NavratriThe Navratri is celebrated as the Durga Puja festival in West Bengal. It is the most important annual festival to Bengali Hindus, and a major social and public event in eastern and northeastern states of India, where it dominates the religious life.[22][23] The occasion is celebrated with thousands[24] of temporary stages called pandals are built in community squares, roadside shrines and large Durga temples in West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, eastern Nepal, Assam, Tripura and nearby regions. It is also observed by some Shakta Hindus as a private, home-based festival.[23][25][26] Durga Puja festival marks the battle of goddess Durga with the shape-shifting, deceptive and powerful buffalo demon Mahishasura, and her emerging victorious.[27][28]The last five days of Navratri mark the popular practices during Durga Puja. The festival begins with Mahalaya, a day where Shakta Hindus remember the loved ones who have died, as well the advent of warrior goddess Durga.[29][30] The next most significant day of Durga Puja celebrations is the sixth day, called Shashthi where the local community welcome the goddess Durga Devi and festive celebrations are inaugurated. On the seventh day (Saptami), eighth (Ashtami) and ninth (Navami), Durga along with Lakshmi, Saraswati, Ganesha and Kartikeya are revered and these days mark the main Puja (worship) with recitation of the scriptures, the legends of Durga in Devi Mahatmya and social visits by families to elaborately decorated and lighted up temples and pandals (theatre like stages).[31][32][33]After the nine nights, on the tenth day called Vijayadashami, a great procession is held where the clay statues are ceremoniously walked to a river or ocean coast for a solemn goodbye to Durga. Many mark their faces with vermilion (sindoor) or dress in something red. It is an emotional day for some devotees, and the congregation sings emotional goodbye songs.[34][35] After the procession, Hindus distribute sweets and gifts, visit their friends and family members.[36]North India Edit
An 1834 sketch by James Prinsep showing Ram Leela Mela during Navratri in Benares.In North India, Navaratri is marked by the numerous Ramlila events, where episodes from the story of Rama and Ravana are enacted by teams of artists in rural and urban centers, inside temples or in temporarily constructed stages. This Hindu tradition of festive performance arts was inscribed by UNESCO as one of the “Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity” in 2008.[37] The festivities, states UNESCO, include songs, narration, recital and dialogue based on the Hindu text Ramacharitmanas by Tulsidas. It is particularly notable in historically important Hindu cities of Ayodhya, Varanasi, Vrindavan, Almora, Satnaand Madhubani – cities in Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.[37]The festival and dramatic enactment of the virtues versus vices filled story is organized by communities in hundreds of small villages and towns, attracting a mix of audience from different social, gender and economic backgrounds. In many parts, the audience and villagers join in and participate spontaneously, some helping the artists, others helping with stage set up, create make-up, effigies and lights.[37]Navaratri has historically been a prominent ritual festival for kings and military of a kingdom.[1] At the end of the Navratri, comes Dussehra, where the effigies of Ravana, Kumbhakarna, and Meghanada are burnt to celebrate the victory of good (Rama) over evil forces on Vijayadashami.[38]
Navratri is also a festival for feasting with friends and family.Elsewhere, during this religious observance, goddess Durga’s war against deception and evil is remembered. A pot is installed (ghatasthapana) at a sanctified place at home. A lamp is kept lit in the pot for nine days. The pot symbolises the universe. The uninterrupted lit lamp symbolizes the Adishakti, i.e. Durga Devi.[39]Bihar EditIn parts of Bihar, goddess Durga is revered during the autumn Navratri. In other parts, such near Sitamarhiclose to Nepal border, the spring Navratri attracts a large Ramanavami fair which marks the birth of Lord Rama as well as a reverence for his wife Sita who legends place was born at Sitamarhi. It is the largest cattle trading fair, and attracts a large handicrafts market in pottery, kitchen and house ware, as well as traditional clothing. Festive performance arts and celebrations are held at the local Hindu temple dedicated to Sita, Hanuman, Durga, and Ganesha.[40][41]Gujarat EditNavaratri festival in Gujarat is one of the main festivals. The traditional method includes fasting for a day, or partially every of the nine days such as by not eating grains or just taking liquid foods, in remembrance of one of nine aspects of Shakti goddess. The prayers are dedicated to a symbolic clay pot called garbo, as a remembrance of womb of the family and universe. The clay pot is lit, and this is believed to represent the one Atman (soul, self).[42][43]
Garba dancing is a Navaratri tradition in Gujarat.In Gujarat and nearby Hindu communities such as in Malwa, the garbo significance is celebrated through performance arts on all nine days.[42][43] The most visible is group dances from villages to towns called Garba accompanied by live orchestra, seasonal raga, or devotional songs. It is a folk dance, where people of different background and skills join and form concentric circles. The circles can grow or shrink, reaching sizes of 100s, sometimes 1000s of people, dancing and clapping in circular moves, in their traditional costumes, at the same time. The garbadance sometimes deploys dandiyas (sticks), coordinated movements and striking of sticks between the dancers, and teasing between the genders.[44] Post dancing, the group and the audience socializes and feasts together.[42][43] Regionally, the same thematic celebration of community songs, music and dances on Navaratri is called garbi or garabi.[43]Goa Edit
Some regions produce and sell special Navaratri miniature golu dolls, such as of Krishna above.In the temples of Goa, on the first day of the Hindu month of Ashwin, in temples (and some households), a copper pitcher is installed surrounded by clay in which nine varieties of food grains are placed inside the sanctum sanctorum of Devi and Krishna temples. The nine nights are celebrated by presenting devotional songs, and through religious discourses. Artists arrive to perform folk musical instruments. Celebrations include placing the goddess image in a specially-decorated colourful silver swing, known as Makhar in Konkani and for each of the nine nights, she is swung to the tune of temple music (called as ranavadya) and devotees singing kirtan and waving lamps. This is locally called Makharotsav.[45][46]The last night of the Goa Navaratri festival is a major celebration and attracts larger participation. It is locally called the maha arati.[47]Karnataka Edit
Navaratri decorations at Kudroli Hindu temple, KarnatakaIn Karnataka, Navaratri is observed by lighting up Hindu temples, cultural sites and my regal processions. It is locally called Dasara, and it is the state festival (Nadahabba) of Karnataka. Of the many celebrations, the Mysuru Dasara is a major one and is popular for its festivities.[48]The contemporary Dasara festivities at Mysore are credited to the efforts of King Raja Wodeyar I in 1610. On the ninth day of Dasara, called Mahanavami,[49] the royal sword is worshipped and is taken on a procession of decorated elephants and horses. The day after Navratri, on the Vijayadashami day, the traditional Dasara procession is held on the streets of Mysore. An image of the Goddess Chamundeshwari is placed on a golden saddle (hauda) on the back of a decorated elephant and taken on a procession, accompanied by tableaux, dance groups, music bands, decorated elephants, horses and camels.[50]Ayudha Puja is dedicated to Saraswati goddess, on the ninth day of Dasara, where military personnel upkeep their weapons and families upkeep their tools of livelihood, both offering a prayer to Saraswati as well as Parvati and Lakshmi.[14][51] Another Navaratri tradition in Karnataka has been decorating a part of one’s home with art dolls called Gombe or Bombe, similar to Golu dolls of Tamil Nadu. An art themed Gaarudi Gombe, featuring folk dances which incorporate these dolls, is also a part of the celebration.[52]
A family preparing for Saraswati puja on Navarathri.Kerala EditIn Kerala and in some parts of Karnataka three days: Ashtami, Navami, and Vijaya Dashami of Sharada Navarathri are celebrated as Sarasvati Puja in which books are worshiped. The books are placed for Puja on the Ashtami day in own houses, traditional nursery schools, or in temples. On Vijaya Dashami day, the books are ceremoniously taken out for reading and writing after worshiping Sarasvati. Vijaya Dashamiday is considered auspicious for initiating the children into writing and reading, which is called Vidyāraṃbhaṃ.[53]The Vidyarambham day tradition starts with the baby or child sitting on the lap of an elderly person such as the grandfather, near images of Saraswati and Ganesha. The elder writes a letter and the child writes the same with his or her index finger. This Hindu tradition is so popular that Christian organizations have copied it and ritually observe it inside many churches.[54] However, Navratri traditions of Hindus is not the only tradition observed by Kerala Christians, many other Hindu ritual traditions are celebrated in Churches.[55]Maharashtra Edit
Traditionally dressed for Navratri festival celebrationsThe Navratri celebrations vary across Maharashtra, and the specific rites differ between regions even if they are called the same and dedicated to the same deity. The most common celebration begins on the first day of Navaratri with Ghatasthapana (sthapanaof a ghat), which literally means “mounting of a jar”. On this day, rural households mount a copper or brass jar, filled with water, upon a small heap of rice kept on a wooden stool (pat).[56] Additionally, with the jar, is typically placed other agriculture symbols such as turmeric root, leaves of mango tree, coconut and major staple grains (usually eight varieties). A lamp is lighted symbolizing knowledge and household prosperity, and kept alight through the nine nights of Navaratri.[57]The women worship the pot for nine days by offering rituals and a garland of flowers, leaves, fruits, dry-fruits, etc. with a naivedya, and water is offered in order to get the seeds sprouted. Some families also celebrate Kaali pujan on days 1 and 2, Laxmi pujan on days 3, 4, 5 and Saraswati puja on days 6, 7, 8, 9 along with Ghatasthapana. On the eighth day, a “Yajna” or “Hom” is performed in the name of Goddess Durga. On ninth day, the Ghat puja is done and the Ghat is dissolved after taking off the sprouted leaves of the grains. In many families, a woman from Matang community is called and offered food and blessings are sought from her. She is considered as a form of the Goddess “Matangi”.[citation needed]The fifth day worship of goddess Lalita is unusually common in Maharashtra.[58] On the occasion of Dasara or Vijayadashmi, the men participate in Ayudha Puja like the rest of India where all sorts of tools, weapons, vehicles and productive instruments are maintained, decorated, thanked and worshipped.[59]
Girls dressed up for music and dance performance, Amman NavarathiriTamil Nadu EditNavaratri has been a historic tradition within Tamil Nadu, with Lakshmi, Saraswati and Durga goddesses the focus.[60] Like the rest of India, the festival has been an occasion for performance arts, particularly Hindu temple dances such as Bharatanatyam and Mohiniyattam. Major palaces, community centers and historic temples have embedded dance halls. For example, the Padmanabhapuram Palace built about 1600 CE has had a large dance hall with intricately carved pillars, a structure entirely made of stone. This dance hall has traditionally been known as Navratri Mantapa.[61] The festivities begin with Vedic chantsinaugurating the dances and other ceremonies. Other Tamil Hindu temples, such as those associated with Sri Vaishnavism, also celebrate the Navarathri festivities.[62]
A large sculpted dance hall inside Padmanabhapuram Palace near Kanyakumari is called Navarathri Mandapam. It features goddess Saraswati and large dance hall.Another notable Tamil tradition is a celebration of the festival with Golu dolls (also spelled as Gollu). These include gods, goddesses, animals, birds and rural life all in a miniature design. People set up their own creative themes in their homes, called Kolu, friends and families invite each other to visit their homes to view Kolu displays, then exchange gifts and sweets.[63] This tradition is also found in other parts of South India such as Andhra Pradesh where it called Bommala Koluvu, and Karnataka where it is called Gombe Habba or Gombe totti.[60][64] Evidence of Gombe totti tradition as a Hindu celebration of the artisan arts goes back to at least the 14th-century Vijayanagara Empire.[65] In the evening of “Vijayadasami”, any one doll from the “Kolu” is symbolically put to sleep and the Kalasa is moved a bit towards North to mark the end of that year’s Navaratri Kolu. The family offers a prayer of thanks, and wraps up the display.[citation needed]In temples of Tamil Nadu, Navaratri is celebrated for the Devi’s dwelling in each temples. The temples are decorated, ceremonial lamps are lit, and Vedic chantings are performed. Popular Tamil Nadu temples celebrating Navaratri are Madurai Meenakshi Temple, Chennai Kapaleeswarar temple, Kulasekarapattinam Devi temple, Perambur Ellaiamman temple, Srirangam Ranganathan temple and 8th century Kumari Amman temple. Priests and visitors to some of these temples wear a special yellow colored ‘promise of protection’ thread on their wrists, called kappu (Tamil) or raksha bandhana(Sanskrit). It is believed to symbolize a vow to the goddess and protection from the goddess against evil.[66][67]Telangana EditSee also: Kanya Puja
A lamp above a Bathukammaflower arrangement, a Telugu Navratri tradition.In Telangana, Navratri is celebrated as in the rest of India and it ends with Dasara. During the Navaratri nights, a notable Telangana tradition involves Telugu Hindu women who produce Bathukamma for Navratri goddesses. It is an artistic flower decorations driven event, particularly using marigolds, which revere three different aspects Devi, called Tridevi. In 2016, 9.292 women simultaneously participated to create a 20 feet high flower arrangements, one of the world’s largest festive flower arrangement.[68][69]First three days, the goddess Durga (Parvati) is revered. The next three days, goddess Lakshmi is worshipped. Over the last three days, locals revere the goddess of wisdom, Saraswati. In order to have all-round success in life, believers seek the blessings of all three aspects of the divine femininity, hence the nine nights of worship.[citation needed]Like elsewhere in India, Ayudha Puja is observed by Telangana Hindus where weapons are maintained, decorated and worshipped. Tradesmen and farmers similarly clean up, decorate and worship their own equipment of trade.[14]Animal Sacrifice Outside India EditThe Hindu diaspora that migrated as indentured servants during colonial era to various plantations and mines around the world, as well as those who migrated on their own, continued to mark their Navratri traditions. Tamil Hindus in Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand, for example, built Hindu temples in southeast Asia in the 19th century, and Navratri has been one of their major traditional festivals.[82] In Trinidad and United Kingdom, Navratri and Diwali have been one of the most visible celebrations of the local Hindu communities from about mid 20th-century.[83][84]Other religions EditNavratri and goddess worship is mentioned in the historic Sikhism literature, particularly in the Dasam Granth traditionally attributed to Guru Gobind Singh. According to Louis Fenech, the Sikhs have historically mirrored the reverence for Devi Shakti and the worship of weapons in a manner similar to those by Shakta Hindus.[85][86] The second Guru of Sikhiam, Guru Angad was an ardent devotee of goddess Durga.[87]The Jains have observed the social and cultural celebrations of Navratri with Hindus, such as the folk dances. The stavan poetry of Jainism, states M. Whitney Kelting, “draw much of their imagery from the garba poems” of HinduismTwo Durga Puja pandals in Kolkata during NavratriThe Navratri is celebrated as the Durga Puja festival in West Bengal. It is the most important annual festival to Bengali Hindus, and a major social and public event in eastern and northeastern states of India, where it dominates the religious life.[22][23] The occasion is celebrated with thousands[24] of temporary stages called pandals are built in community squares, roadside shrines and large Durga temples in West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, eastern Nepal, Assam, Tripura and nearby regions. It is also observed by some Shakta Hindus as a private, home-based festival.[23][25][26] Durga Puja festival marks the battle of goddess Durga with the shape-shifting, deceptive and powerful buffalo demon Mahishasura, and her emerging victorious.[27][28]The last five days of Navratri mark the popular practices during Durga Puja. The festival begins with Mahalaya, a day where Shakta Hindus remember the loved ones who have died, as well the advent of warrior goddess Durga.[29][30] The next most significant day of Durga Puja celebrations is the sixth day, called Shashthi where the local community welcome the goddess Durga Devi and festive celebrations are inaugurated. On the seventh day (Saptami), eighth (Ashtami) and ninth (Navami), Durga along with Lakshmi, Saraswati, Ganesha and Kartikeya are revered and these days mark the main Puja (worship) with recitation of the scriptures, the legends of Durga in Devi Mahatmya and social visits by families to elaborately decorated and lighted up temples and pandals (theatre like stages).[31][32][33]After the nine nights, on the tenth day called Vijayadashami, a great procession is held where the clay statues are ceremoniously walked to a river or ocean coast for a solemn goodbye to Durga. Many mark their faces with vermilion (sindoor) or dress in something red. It is an emotional day for some devotees, and the congregation sings emotional goodbye songs.[34][35] After the procession, Hindus distribute sweets and gifts, visit their friends and family members.[36]North India Edit
An 1834 sketch by James Prinsep showing Ram Leela Mela during Navratri in Benares.In North India, Navaratri is marked by the numerous Ramlila events, where episodes from the story of Rama and Ravana are enacted by teams of artists in rural and urban centers, inside temples or in temporarily constructed stages. This Hindu tradition of festive performance arts was inscribed by UNESCO as one of the “Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity” in 2008.[37] The festivities, states UNESCO, include songs, narration, recital and dialogue based on the Hindu text Ramacharitmanas by Tulsidas. It is particularly notable in historically important Hindu cities of Ayodhya, Varanasi, Vrindavan, Almora, Satnaand Madhubani – cities in Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.[37]The festival and dramatic enactment of the virtues versus vices filled story is organized by communities in hundreds of small villages and towns, attracting a mix of audience from different social, gender and economic backgrounds. In many parts, the audience and villagers join in and participate spontaneously, some helping the artists, others helping with stage set up, create make-up, effigies and lights.[37]Navaratri has historically been a prominent ritual festival for kings and military of a kingdom.[1] At the end of the Navratri, comes Dussehra, where the effigies of Ravana, Kumbhakarna, and Meghanada are burnt to celebrate the victory of good (Rama) over evil forces on Vijayadashami.[38]
Navratri is also a festival for feasting with friends and family.Elsewhere, during this religious observance, goddess Durga’s war against deception and evil is remembered. A pot is installed (ghatasthapana) at a sanctified place at home. A lamp is kept lit in the pot for nine days. The pot symbolises the universe. The uninterrupted lit lamp symbolizes the Adishakti, i.e. Durga Devi.[39]Bihar EditIn parts of Bihar, goddess Durga is revered during the autumn Navratri. In other parts, such near Sitamarhiclose to Nepal border, the spring Navratri attracts a large Ramanavami fair which marks the birth of Lord Rama as well as a reverence for his wife Sita who legends place was born at Sitamarhi. It is the largest cattle trading fair, and attracts a large handicrafts market in pottery, kitchen and house ware, as well as traditional clothing. Festive performance arts and celebrations are held at the local Hindu temple dedicated to Sita, Hanuman, Durga, and Ganesha.[40][41]Gujarat EditNavaratri festival in Gujarat is one of the main festivals. The traditional method includes fasting for a day, or partially every of the nine days such as by not eating grains or just taking liquid foods, in remembrance of one of nine aspects of Shakti goddess. The prayers are dedicated to a symbolic clay pot called garbo, as a remembrance of womb of the family and universe. The clay pot is lit, and this is believed to represent the one Atman (soul, self).[42][43]
Garba dancing is a Navaratri tradition in Gujarat.In Gujarat and nearby Hindu communities such as in Malwa, the garbo significance is celebrated through performance arts on all nine days.[42][43] The most visible is group dances from villages to towns called Garba accompanied by live orchestra, seasonal raga, or devotional songs. It is a folk dance, where people of different background and skills join and form concentric circles. The circles can grow or shrink, reaching sizes of 100s, sometimes 1000s of people, dancing and clapping in circular moves, in their traditional costumes, at the same time. The garbadance sometimes deploys dandiyas (sticks), coordinated movements and striking of sticks between the dancers, and teasing between the genders.[44] Post dancing, the group and the audience socializes and feasts together.[42][43] Regionally, the same thematic celebration of community songs, music and dances on Navaratri is called garbi or garabi.[43]Goa Edit
Some regions produce and sell special Navaratri miniature golu dolls, such as of Krishna above.In the temples of Goa, on the first day of the Hindu month of Ashwin, in temples (and some households), a copper pitcher is installed surrounded by clay in which nine varieties of food grains are placed inside the sanctum sanctorum of Devi and Krishna temples. The nine nights are celebrated by presenting devotional songs, and through religious discourses. Artists arrive to perform folk musical instruments. Celebrations include placing the goddess image in a specially-decorated colourful silver swing, known as Makhar in Konkani and for each of the nine nights, she is swung to the tune of temple music (called as ranavadya) and devotees singing kirtan and waving lamps. This is locally called Makharotsav.[45][46]The last night of the Goa Navaratri festival is a major celebration and attracts larger participation. It is locally called the maha arati.[47]Karnataka Edit
Navaratri decorations at Kudroli Hindu temple, KarnatakaIn Karnataka, Navaratri is observed by lighting up Hindu temples, cultural sites and my regal processions. It is locally called Dasara, and it is the state festival (Nadahabba) of Karnataka. Of the many celebrations, the Mysuru Dasara is a major one and is popular for its festivities.[48]The contemporary Dasara festivities at Mysore are credited to the efforts of King Raja Wodeyar I in 1610. On the ninth day of Dasara, called Mahanavami,[49] the royal sword is worshipped and is taken on a procession of decorated elephants and horses. The day after Navratri, on the Vijayadashami day, the traditional Dasara procession is held on the streets of Mysore. An image of the Goddess Chamundeshwari is placed on a golden saddle (hauda) on the back of a decorated elephant and taken on a procession, accompanied by tableaux, dance groups, music bands, decorated elephants, horses and camels.[50]Ayudha Puja is dedicated to Saraswati goddess, on the ninth day of Dasara, where military personnel upkeep their weapons and families upkeep their tools of livelihood, both offering a prayer to Saraswati as well as Parvati and Lakshmi.[14][51] Another Navaratri tradition in Karnataka has been decorating a part of one’s home with art dolls called Gombe or Bombe, similar to Golu dolls of Tamil Nadu. An art themed Gaarudi Gombe, featuring folk dances which incorporate these dolls, is also a part of the celebration.[52]
A family preparing for Saraswati puja on Navarathri.Kerala EditIn Kerala and in some parts of Karnataka three days: Ashtami, Navami, and Vijaya Dashami of Sharada Navarathri are celebrated as Sarasvati Puja in which books are worshiped. The books are placed for Puja on the Ashtami day in own houses, traditional nursery schools, or in temples. On Vijaya Dashami day, the books are ceremoniously taken out for reading and writing after worshiping Sarasvati. Vijaya Dashamiday is considered auspicious for initiating the children into writing and reading, which is called Vidyāraṃbhaṃ.[53]The Vidyarambham day tradition starts with the baby or child sitting on the lap of an elderly person such as the grandfather, near images of Saraswati and Ganesha. The elder writes a letter and the child writes the same with his or her index finger. This Hindu tradition is so popular that Christian organizations have copied it and ritually observe it inside many churches.[54] However, Navratri traditions of Hindus is not the only tradition observed by Kerala Christians, many other Hindu ritual traditions are celebrated in Churches.[55]Maharashtra Edit
Traditionally dressed for Navratri festival celebrationsThe Navratri celebrations vary across Maharashtra, and the specific rites differ between regions even if they are called the same and dedicated to the same deity. The most common celebration begins on the first day of Navaratri with Ghatasthapana (sthapanaof a ghat), which literally means “mounting of a jar”. On this day, rural households mount a copper or brass jar, filled with water, upon a small heap of rice kept on a wooden stool (pat).[56] Additionally, with the jar, is typically placed other agriculture symbols such as turmeric root, leaves of mango tree, coconut and major staple grains (usually eight varieties). A lamp is lighted symbolizing knowledge and household prosperity, and kept alight through the nine nights of Navaratri.[57]The women worship the pot for nine days by offering rituals and a garland of flowers, leaves, fruits, dry-fruits, etc. with a naivedya, and water is offered in order to get the seeds sprouted. Some families also celebrate Kaali pujan on days 1 and 2, Laxmi pujan on days 3, 4, 5 and Saraswati puja on days 6, 7, 8, 9 along with Ghatasthapana. On the eighth day, a “Yajna” or “Hom” is performed in the name of Goddess Durga. On ninth day, the Ghat puja is done and the Ghat is dissolved after taking off the sprouted leaves of the grains. In many families, a woman from Matang community is called and offered food and blessings are sought from her. She is considered as a form of the Goddess “Matangi”.[citation needed]The fifth day worship of goddess Lalita is unusually common in Maharashtra.[58] On the occasion of Dasara or Vijayadashmi, the men participate in Ayudha Puja like the rest of India where all sorts of tools, weapons, vehicles and productive instruments are maintained, decorated, thanked and worshipped.[59]
Girls dressed up for music and dance performance, Amman NavarathiriTamil Nadu EditNavaratri has been a historic tradition within Tamil Nadu, with Lakshmi, Saraswati and Durga goddesses the focus.[60] Like the rest of India, the festival has been an occasion for performance arts, particularly Hindu temple dances such as Bharatanatyam and Mohiniyattam. Major palaces, community centers and historic temples have embedded dance halls. For example, the Padmanabhapuram Palace built about 1600 CE has had a large dance hall with intricately carved pillars, a structure entirely made of stone. This dance hall has traditionally been known as Navratri Mantapa.[61] The festivities begin with Vedic chantsinaugurating the dances and other ceremonies. Other Tamil Hindu temples, such as those associated with Sri Vaishnavism, also celebrate the Navarathri festivities.[62]
A large sculpted dance hall inside Padmanabhapuram Palace near Kanyakumari is called Navarathri Mandapam. It features goddess Saraswati and large dance hall.Another notable Tamil tradition is a celebration of the festival with Golu dolls (also spelled as Gollu). These include gods, goddesses, animals, birds and rural life all in a miniature design. People set up their own creative themes in their homes, called Kolu, friends and families invite each other to visit their homes to view Kolu displays, then exchange gifts and sweets.[63] This tradition is also found in other parts of South India such as Andhra Pradesh where it called Bommala Koluvu, and Karnataka where it is called Gombe Habba or Gombe totti.[60][64] Evidence of Gombe totti tradition as a Hindu celebration of the artisan arts goes back to at least the 14th-century Vijayanagara Empire.[65] In the evening of “Vijayadasami”, any one doll from the “Kolu” is symbolically put to sleep and the Kalasa is moved a bit towards North to mark the end of that year’s Navaratri Kolu. The family offers a prayer of thanks, and wraps up the display.[citation needed]In temples of Tamil Nadu, Navaratri is celebrated for the Devi’s dwelling in each temples. The temples are decorated, ceremonial lamps are lit, and Vedic chantings are performed. Popular Tamil Nadu temples celebrating Navaratri are Madurai Meenakshi Temple, Chennai Kapaleeswarar temple, Kulasekarapattinam Devi temple, Perambur Ellaiamman temple, Srirangam Ranganathan temple and 8th century Kumari Amman temple. Priests and visitors to some of these temples wear a special yellow colored ‘promise of protection’ thread on their wrists, called kappu (Tamil) or raksha bandhana(Sanskrit). It is believed to symbolize a vow to the goddess and protection from the goddess against evil.[66][67]Telangana EditSee also: Kanya Puja
A lamp above a Bathukammaflower arrangement, a Telugu Navratri tradition.In Telangana, Navratri is celebrated as in the rest of India and it ends with Dasara. During the Navaratri nights, a notable Telangana tradition involves Telugu Hindu women who produce Bathukamma for Navratri goddesses. It is an artistic flower decorations driven event, particularly using marigolds, which revere three different aspects Devi, called Tridevi. In 2016, 9.292 women simultaneously participated to create a 20 feet high flower arrangements, one of the world’s largest festive flower arrangement.[68][69]First three days, the goddess Durga (Parvati) is revered. The next three days, goddess Lakshmi is worshipped. Over the last three days, locals revere the goddess of wisdom, Saraswati. In order to have all-round success in life, believers seek the blessings of all three aspects of the divine femininity, hence the nine nights of worship.[citation needed]Like elsewhere in India, Ayudha Puja is observed by Telangana Hindus where weapons are maintained, decorated and worshipped. Tradesmen and farmers similarly clean up, decorate and worship their own equipment of trade.[14]Animal Sacrifice Outside India EditThe Hindu diaspora that migrated as indentured servants during colonial era to various plantations and mines around the world, as well as those who migrated on their own, continued to mark their Navratri traditions. Tamil Hindus in Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand, for example, built Hindu temples in southeast Asia in the 19th century, and Navratri has been one of their major traditional festivals.[82] In Trinidad and United Kingdom, Navratri and Diwali have been one of the most visible celebrations of the local Hindu communities from about mid 20th-century.[83][84]Other religions EditNavratri and goddess worship is mentioned in the historic Sikhism literature, particularly in the Dasam Granth traditionally attributed to Guru Gobind Singh. According to Louis Fenech, the Sikhs have historically mirrored the reverence for Devi Shakti and the worship of weapons in a manner similar to those by Shakta Hindus.[85][86] The second Guru of Sikhiam, Guru Angad was an ardent devotee of goddess Durga.[87]The Jains have observed the social and cultural celebrations of Navratri with Hindus, such as the folk dances. The stavan poetry of Jainism, states M. Whitney Kelting, “draw much of their imagery from the garba poems” of HinduismTwo Durga Puja pandals in Kolkata during NavratriThe Navratri is celebrated as the Durga Puja festival in West Bengal. It is the most important annual festival to Bengali Hindus, and a major social and public event in eastern and northeastern states of India, where it dominates the religious life.[22][23] The occasion is celebrated with thousands[24] of temporary stages called pandals are built in community squares, roadside shrines and large Durga temples in West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, eastern Nepal, Assam, Tripura and nearby regions. It is also observed by some Shakta Hindus as a private, home-based festival.[23][25][26] Durga Puja festival marks the battle of goddess Durga with the shape-shifting, deceptive and powerful buffalo demon Mahishasura, and her emerging victorious.[27][28]The last five days of Navratri mark the popular practices during Durga Puja. The festival begins with Mahalaya, a day where Shakta Hindus remember the loved ones who have died, as well the advent of warrior goddess Durga.[29][30] The next most significant day of Durga Puja celebrations is the sixth day, called Shashthi where the local community welcome the goddess Durga Devi and festive celebrations are inaugurated. On the seventh day (Saptami), eighth (Ashtami) and ninth (Navami), Durga along with Lakshmi, Saraswati, Ganesha and Kartikeya are revered and these days mark the main Puja (worship) with recitation of the scriptures, the legends of Durga in Devi Mahatmya and social visits by families to elaborately decorated and lighted up temples and pandals (theatre like stages).[31][32][33]After the nine nights, on the tenth day called Vijayadashami, a great procession is held where the clay statues are ceremoniously walked to a river or ocean coast for a solemn goodbye to Durga. Many mark their faces with vermilion (sindoor) or dress in something red. It is an emotional day for some devotees, and the congregation sings emotional goodbye songs.[34][35] After the procession, Hindus distribute sweets and gifts, visit their friends and family members.[36]North India Edit
An 1834 sketch by James Prinsep showing Ram Leela Mela during Navratri in Benares.In North India, Navaratri is marked by the numerous Ramlila events, where episodes from the story of Rama and Ravana are enacted by teams of artists in rural and urban centers, inside temples or in temporarily constructed stages. This Hindu tradition of festive performance arts was inscribed by UNESCO as one of the “Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity” in 2008.[37] The festivities, states UNESCO, include songs, narration, recital and dialogue based on the Hindu text Ramacharitmanas by Tulsidas. It is particularly notable in historically important Hindu cities of Ayodhya, Varanasi, Vrindavan, Almora, Satnaand Madhubani – cities in Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.[37]The festival and dramatic enactment of the virtues versus vices filled story is organized by communities in hundreds of small villages and towns, attracting a mix of audience from different social, gender and economic backgrounds. In many parts, the audience and villagers join in and participate spontaneously, some helping the artists, others helping with stage set up, create make-up, effigies and lights.[37]Navaratri has historically been a prominent ritual festival for kings and military of a kingdom.[1] At the end of the Navratri, comes Dussehra, where the effigies of Ravana, Kumbhakarna, and Meghanada are burnt to celebrate the victory of good (Rama) over evil forces on Vijayadashami.[38]
Navratri is also a festival for feasting with friends and family.Elsewhere, during this religious observance, goddess Durga’s war against deception and evil is remembered. A pot is installed (ghatasthapana) at a sanctified place at home. A lamp is kept lit in the pot for nine days. The pot symbolises the universe. The uninterrupted lit lamp symbolizes the Adishakti, i.e. Durga Devi.[39]Bihar EditIn parts of Bihar, goddess Durga is revered during the autumn Navratri. In other parts, such near Sitamarhiclose to Nepal border, the spring Navratri attracts a large Ramanavami fair which marks the birth of Lord Rama as well as a reverence for his wife Sita who legends place was born at Sitamarhi. It is the largest cattle trading fair, and attracts a large handicrafts market in pottery, kitchen and house ware, as well as traditional clothing. Festive performance arts and celebrations are held at the local Hindu temple dedicated to Sita, Hanuman, Durga, and Ganesha.[40][41]Gujarat EditNavaratri festival in Gujarat is one of the main festivals. The traditional method includes fasting for a day, or partially every of the nine days such as by not eating grains or just taking liquid foods, in remembrance of one of nine aspects of Shakti goddess. The prayers are dedicated to a symbolic clay pot called garbo, as a remembrance of womb of the family and universe. The clay pot is lit, and this is believed to represent the one Atman (soul, self).[42][43]
Garba dancing is a Navaratri tradition in Gujarat.In Gujarat and nearby Hindu communities such as in Malwa, the garbo significance is celebrated through performance arts on all nine days.[42][43] The most visible is group dances from villages to towns called Garba accompanied by live orchestra, seasonal raga, or devotional songs. It is a folk dance, where people of different background and skills join and form concentric circles. The circles can grow or shrink, reaching sizes of 100s, sometimes 1000s of people, dancing and clapping in circular moves, in their traditional costumes, at the same time. The garbadance sometimes deploys dandiyas (sticks), coordinated movements and striking of sticks between the dancers, and teasing between the genders.[44] Post dancing, the group and the audience socializes and feasts together.[42][43] Regionally, the same thematic celebration of community songs, music and dances on Navaratri is called garbi or garabi.[43]Goa Edit
Some regions produce and sell special Navaratri miniature golu dolls, such as of Krishna above.In the temples of Goa, on the first day of the Hindu month of Ashwin, in temples (and some households), a copper pitcher is installed surrounded by clay in which nine varieties of food grains are placed inside the sanctum sanctorum of Devi and Krishna temples. The nine nights are celebrated by presenting devotional songs, and through religious discourses. Artists arrive to perform folk musical instruments. Celebrations include placing the goddess image in a specially-decorated colourful silver swing, known as Makhar in Konkani and for each of the nine nights, she is swung to the tune of temple music (called as ranavadya) and devotees singing kirtan and waving lamps. This is locally called Makharotsav.[45][46]The last night of the Goa Navaratri festival is a major celebration and attracts larger participation. It is locally called the maha arati.[47]Karnataka Edit
Navaratri decorations at Kudroli Hindu temple, KarnatakaIn Karnataka, Navaratri is observed by lighting up Hindu temples, cultural sites and my regal processions. It is locally called Dasara, and it is the state festival (Nadahabba) of Karnataka. Of the many celebrations, the Mysuru Dasara is a major one and is popular for its festivities.[48]The contemporary Dasara festivities at Mysore are credited to the efforts of King Raja Wodeyar I in 1610. On the ninth day of Dasara, called Mahanavami,[49] the royal sword is worshipped and is taken on a procession of decorated elephants and horses. The day after Navratri, on the Vijayadashami day, the traditional Dasara procession is held on the streets of Mysore. An image of the Goddess Chamundeshwari is placed on a golden saddle (hauda) on the back of a decorated elephant and taken on a procession, accompanied by tableaux, dance groups, music bands, decorated elephants, horses and camels.[50]Ayudha Puja is dedicated to Saraswati goddess, on the ninth day of Dasara, where military personnel upkeep their weapons and families upkeep their tools of livelihood, both offering a prayer to Saraswati as well as Parvati and Lakshmi.[14][51] Another Navaratri tradition in Karnataka has been decorating a part of one’s home with art dolls called Gombe or Bombe, similar to Golu dolls of Tamil Nadu. An art themed Gaarudi Gombe, featuring folk dances which incorporate these dolls, is also a part of the celebration.[52]
A family preparing for Saraswati puja on Navarathri.Kerala EditIn Kerala and in some parts of Karnataka three days: Ashtami, Navami, and Vijaya Dashami of Sharada Navarathri are celebrated as Sarasvati Puja in which books are worshiped. The books are placed for Puja on the Ashtami day in own houses, traditional nursery schools, or in temples. On Vijaya Dashami day, the books are ceremoniously taken out for reading and writing after worshiping Sarasvati. Vijaya Dashamiday is considered auspicious for initiating the children into writing and reading, which is called Vidyāraṃbhaṃ.[53]The Vidyarambham day tradition starts with the baby or child sitting on the lap of an elderly person such as the grandfather, near images of Saraswati and Ganesha. The elder writes a letter and the child writes the same with his or her index finger. This Hindu tradition is so popular that Christian organizations have copied it and ritually observe it inside many churches.[54] However, Navratri traditions of Hindus is not the only tradition observed by Kerala Christians, many other Hindu ritual traditions are celebrated in Churches.[55]Maharashtra Edit
Traditionally dressed for Navratri festival celebrationsThe Navratri celebrations vary across Maharashtra, and the specific rites differ between regions even if they are called the same and dedicated to the same deity. The most common celebration begins on the first day of Navaratri with Ghatasthapana (sthapanaof a ghat), which literally means “mounting of a jar”. On this day, rural households mount a copper or brass jar, filled with water, upon a small heap of rice kept on a wooden stool (pat).[56] Additionally, with the jar, is typically placed other agriculture symbols such as turmeric root, leaves of mango tree, coconut and major staple grains (usually eight varieties). A lamp is lighted symbolizing knowledge and household prosperity, and kept alight through the nine nights of Navaratri.[57]The women worship the pot for nine days by offering rituals and a garland of flowers, leaves, fruits, dry-fruits, etc. with a naivedya, and water is offered in order to get the seeds sprouted. Some families also celebrate Kaali pujan on days 1 and 2, Laxmi pujan on days 3, 4, 5 and Saraswati puja on days 6, 7, 8, 9 along with Ghatasthapana. On the eighth day, a “Yajna” or “Hom” is performed in the name of Goddess Durga. On ninth day, the Ghat puja is done and the Ghat is dissolved after taking off the sprouted leaves of the grains. In many families, a woman from Matang community is called and offered food and blessings are sought from her. She is considered as a form of the Goddess “Matangi”.[citation needed]The fifth day worship of goddess Lalita is unusually common in Maharashtra.[58] On the occasion of Dasara or Vijayadashmi, the men participate in Ayudha Puja like the rest of India where all sorts of tools, weapons, vehicles and productive instruments are maintained, decorated, thanked and worshipped.[59]
Girls dressed up for music and dance performance, Amman NavarathiriTamil Nadu EditNavaratri has been a historic tradition within Tamil Nadu, with Lakshmi, Saraswati and Durga goddesses the focus.[60] Like the rest of India, the festival has been an occasion for performance arts, particularly Hindu temple dances such as Bharatanatyam and Mohiniyattam. Major palaces, community centers and historic temples have embedded dance halls. For example, the Padmanabhapuram Palace built about 1600 CE has had a large dance hall with intricately carved pillars, a structure entirely made of stone. This dance hall has traditionally been known as Navratri Mantapa.[61] The festivities begin with Vedic chantsinaugurating the dances and other ceremonies. Other Tamil Hindu temples, such as those associated with Sri Vaishnavism, also celebrate the Navarathri festivities.[62]
A large sculpted dance hall inside Padmanabhapuram Palace near Kanyakumari is called Navarathri Mandapam. It features goddess Saraswati and large dance hall.Another notable Tamil tradition is a celebration of the festival with Golu dolls (also spelled as Gollu). These include gods, goddesses, animals, birds and rural life all in a miniature design. People set up their own creative themes in their homes, called Kolu, friends and families invite each other to visit their homes to view Kolu displays, then exchange gifts and sweets.[63] This tradition is also found in other parts of South India such as Andhra Pradesh where it called Bommala Koluvu, and Karnataka where it is called Gombe Habba or Gombe totti.[60][64] Evidence of Gombe totti tradition as a Hindu celebration of the artisan arts goes back to at least the 14th-century Vijayanagara Empire.[65] In the evening of “Vijayadasami”, any one doll from the “Kolu” is symbolically put to sleep and the Kalasa is moved a bit towards North to mark the end of that year’s Navaratri Kolu. The family offers a prayer of thanks, and wraps up the display.[citation needed]In temples of Tamil Nadu, Navaratri is celebrated for the Devi’s dwelling in each temples. The temples are decorated, ceremonial lamps are lit, and Vedic chantings are performed. Popular Tamil Nadu temples celebrating Navaratri are Madurai Meenakshi Temple, Chennai Kapaleeswarar temple, Kulasekarapattinam Devi temple, Perambur Ellaiamman temple, Srirangam Ranganathan temple and 8th century Kumari Amman temple. Priests and visitors to some of these temples wear a special yellow colored ‘promise of protection’ thread on their wrists, called kappu (Tamil) or raksha bandhana(Sanskrit). It is believed to symbolize a vow to the goddess and protection from the goddess against evil.[66][67]Telangana EditSee also: Kanya Puja
A lamp above a Bathukammaflower arrangement, a Telugu Navratri tradition.In Telangana, Navratri is celebrated as in the rest of India and it ends with Dasara. During the Navaratri nights, a notable Telangana tradition involves Telugu Hindu women who produce Bathukamma for Navratri goddesses. It is an artistic flower decorations driven event, particularly using marigolds, which revere three different aspects Devi, called Tridevi. In 2016, 9.292 women simultaneously participated to create a 20 feet high flower arrangements, one of the world’s largest festive flower arrangement.[68][69]First three days, the goddess Durga (Parvati) is revered. The next three days, goddess Lakshmi is worshipped. Over the last three days, locals revere the goddess of wisdom, Saraswati. In order to have all-round success in life, believers seek the blessings of all three aspects of the divine femininity, hence the nine nights of worship.[citation needed]Like elsewhere in India, Ayudha Puja is observed by Telangana Hindus where weapons are maintained, decorated and worshipped. Tradesmen and farmers similarly clean up, decorate and worship their own equipment of trade.[14]Animal Sacrifice Outside India EditThe Hindu diaspora that migrated as indentured servants during colonial era to various plantations and mines around the world, as well as those who migrated on their own, continued to mark their Navratri traditions. Tamil Hindus in Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand, for example, built Hindu temples in southeast Asia in the 19th century, and Navratri has been one of their major traditional festivals.[82] In Trinidad and United Kingdom, Navratri and Diwali have been one of the most visible celebrations of the local Hindu communities from about mid 20th-century.[83][84]Other religions EditNavratri and goddess worship is mentioned in the historic Sikhism literature, particularly in the Dasam Granth traditionally attributed to Guru Gobind Singh. According to Louis Fenech, the Sikhs have historically mirrored the reverence for Devi Shakti and the worship of weapons in a manner similar to those by Shakta Hindus.[85][86] The second Guru of Sikhiam, Guru Angad was an ardent devotee of goddess Durga.[87]The Jains have observed the social and cultural celebrations of Navratri with Hindus, such as the folk dances. The stavan poetry of Jainism, states M. Whitney Kelting, “draw much of their imagery from the garba poems” of Hinduism

Edit

Two Durga Puja pandals in Kolkata during Navratri

The Navratri is celebrated as the Durga Puja festival in West Bengal. It is the most important annual festival to Bengali Hindus, and a major social and public event in eastern and northeastern states of India, where it dominates the religious life.[22][23] The occasion is celebrated with thousands[24] of temporary stages called pandals are built in community squares, roadside shrines and large Durga temples in West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, eastern Nepal, Assam, Tripura and nearby regions. It is also observed by some Shakta Hindus as a private, home-based festival.[23][25][26] Durga Puja festival marks the battle of goddess Durga with the shape-shifting, deceptive and powerful buffalo demon Mahishasura, and her emerging victorious.[27][28]

The last five days of Navratri mark the popular practices during Durga Puja. The festival begins with Mahalaya, a day where Shakta Hindus remember the loved ones who have died, as well the advent of warrior goddess Durga.[29][30] The next most significant day of Durga Puja celebrations is the sixth day, called Shashthi where the local community welcome the goddess Durga Devi and festive celebrations are inaugurated. On the seventh day (Saptami), eighth (Ashtami) and ninth (Navami), Durga along with Lakshmi, Saraswati, Ganesha and Kartikeya are revered and these days mark the main Puja (worship) with recitation of the scriptures, the legends of Durga in Devi Mahatmya and social visits by families to elaborately decorated and lighted up temples and pandals (theatre like stages).[31][32][33]After the nine nights, on the tenth day called Vijayadashami, a great procession is held where the clay statues are ceremoniously walked to a river or ocean coast for a solemn goodbye to Durga. Many mark their faces with vermilion (sindoor) or dress in something red. It is an emotional day for some devotees, and the congregation sings emotional goodbye songs.[34][35] After the procession, Hindus distribute sweets and gifts, visit their friends and family members.[36]

North IndiaEdit

An 1834 sketch by James Prinsep showing Ram Leela Mela during Navratri in Benares.

In North India, Navaratri is marked by the numerous Ramlila events, where episodes from the story of Rama and Ravana are enacted by teams of artists in rural and urban centers, inside temples or in temporarily constructed stages. This Hindu tradition of festive performance arts was inscribed by UNESCO as one of the “Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity” in 2008.[37] The festivities, states UNESCO, include songs, narration, recital and dialogue based on the Hindu text Ramacharitmanas by Tulsidas. It is particularly notable in historically important Hindu cities of AyodhyaVaranasiVrindavanAlmoraSatnaand Madhubani – cities in Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.[37]

The festival and dramatic enactment of the virtues versus vices filled story is organized by communities in hundreds of small villages and towns, attracting a mix of audience from different social, gender and economic backgrounds. In many parts, the audience and villagers join in and participate spontaneously, some helping the artists, others helping with stage set up, create make-up, effigies and lights.[37]

Navaratri has historically been a prominent ritual festival for kings and military of a kingdom.[1] At the end of the Navratri, comes Dussehra, where the effigies of Ravana, Kumbhakarna, and Meghanada are burnt to celebrate the victory of good (Rama) over evil forces on Vijayadashami.[38]

Navratri is also a festival for feasting with friends and family.

Elsewhere, during this religious observance, goddess Durga’s war against deception and evil is remembered. A pot is installed (ghatasthapana) at a sanctified place at home. A lamp is kept lit in the pot for nine days. The pot symbolises the universe. The uninterrupted lit lamp symbolizes the Adishakti, i.e. Durga Devi.[39]

BiharEdit

In parts of Bihar, goddess Durga is revered during the autumn Navratri. In other parts, such near Sitamarhiclose to Nepal border, the spring Navratri attracts a large Ramanavami fair which marks the birth of Lord Rama as well as a reverence for his wife Sita who legends place was born at Sitamarhi. It is the largest cattle trading fair, and attracts a large handicrafts market in pottery, kitchen and house ware, as well as traditional clothing. Festive performance arts and celebrations are held at the local Hindu temple dedicated to Sita, Hanuman, Durga, and Ganesha.[40][41]

GujaratEdit

Navaratri festival in Gujarat is one of the main festivals. The traditional method includes fasting for a day, or partially every of the nine days such as by not eating grains or just taking liquid foods, in remembrance of one of nine aspects of Shakti goddess. The prayers are dedicated to a symbolic clay pot called garbo, as a remembrance of womb of the family and universe. The clay pot is lit, and this is believed to represent the one Atman (soul, self).[42][43]

Garba dancing is a Navaratri tradition in Gujarat.

In Gujarat and nearby Hindu communities such as in Malwa, the garbo significance is celebrated through performance arts on all nine days.[42][43] The most visible is group dances from villages to towns called Garba accompanied by live orchestra, seasonal raga, or devotional songs. It is a folk dance, where people of different background and skills join and form concentric circles. The circles can grow or shrink, reaching sizes of 100s, sometimes 1000s of people, dancing and clapping in circular moves, in their traditional costumes, at the same time. The garbadance sometimes deploys dandiyas (sticks), coordinated movements and striking of sticks between the dancers, and teasing between the genders.[44] Post dancing, the group and the audience socializes and feasts together.[42][43] Regionally, the same thematic celebration of community songs, music and dances on Navaratri is called garbi or garabi.[43]

GoaEdit

Some regions produce and sell special Navaratri miniature golu dolls, such as of Krishna above.

In the temples of Goa, on the first day of the Hindu month of Ashwin, in temples (and some households), a copper pitcher is installed surrounded by clay in which nine varieties of food grains are placed inside the sanctum sanctorum of Devi and Krishna temples. The nine nights are celebrated by presenting devotional songs, and through religious discourses. Artists arrive to perform folk musical instruments. Celebrations include placing the goddess image in a specially-decorated colourful silver swing, known as Makhar in Konkani and for each of the nine nights, she is swung to the tune of temple music (called as ranavadya) and devotees singing kirtan and waving lamps. This is locally called Makharotsav.[45][46]

The last night of the Goa Navaratri festival is a major celebration and attracts larger participation. It is locally called the maha arati.[47]

KarnatakaEdit

Navaratri decorations at Kudroli Hindu temple, Karnataka

In Karnataka, Navaratri is observed by lighting up Hindu temples, cultural sites and my regal processions. It is locally called Dasara, and it is the state festival (Nadahabba) of Karnataka. Of the many celebrations, the Mysuru Dasara is a major one and is popular for its festivities.[48]

The contemporary Dasara festivities at Mysore are credited to the efforts of King Raja Wodeyar I in 1610. On the ninth day of Dasara, called Mahanavami,[49] the royal sword is worshipped and is taken on a procession of decorated elephants and horses. The day after Navratri, on the Vijayadashami day, the traditional Dasara procession is held on the streets of Mysore. An image of the Goddess Chamundeshwari is placed on a golden saddle (hauda) on the back of a decorated elephant and taken on a procession, accompanied by tableaux, dance groups, music bands, decorated elephants, horses and camels.[50]

Ayudha Puja is dedicated to Saraswati goddess, on the ninth day of Dasara, where military personnel upkeep their weapons and families upkeep their tools of livelihood, both offering a prayer to Saraswati as well as Parvati and Lakshmi.[14][51] Another Navaratri tradition in Karnataka has been decorating a part of one’s home with art dolls called Gombe or Bombe, similar to Golu dolls of Tamil Nadu. An art themed Gaarudi Gombe, featuring folk dances which incorporate these dolls, is also a part of the celebration.[52]

A family preparing for Saraswati puja on Navarathri.

KeralaEdit

In Kerala and in some parts of Karnataka three days: Ashtami, Navami, and Vijaya Dashami of Sharada Navarathri are celebrated as Sarasvati Puja in which books are worshiped. The books are placed for Puja on the Ashtami day in own houses, traditional nursery schools, or in temples. On Vijaya Dashami day, the books are ceremoniously taken out for reading and writing after worshiping Sarasvati. Vijaya Dashamiday is considered auspicious for initiating the children into writing and reading, which is called Vidyāraṃbhaṃ.[53]

The Vidyarambham day tradition starts with the baby or child sitting on the lap of an elderly person such as the grandfather, near images of Saraswati and Ganesha. The elder writes a letter and the child writes the same with his or her index finger. This Hindu tradition is so popular that Christian organizations have copied it and ritually observe it inside many churches.[54] However, Navratri traditions of Hindus is not the only tradition observed by Kerala Christians, many other Hindu ritual traditions are celebrated in Churches.[55]

MaharashtraEdit

Traditionally dressed for Navratri festival celebrations

The Navratri celebrations vary across Maharashtra, and the specific rites differ between regions even if they are called the same and dedicated to the same deity. The most common celebration begins on the first day of Navaratri with Ghatasthapana (sthapanaof a ghat), which literally means “mounting of a jar”. On this day, rural households mount a copper or brass jar, filled with water, upon a small heap of rice kept on a wooden stool (pat).[56] Additionally, with the jar, is typically placed other agriculture symbols such as turmeric root, leaves of mango tree, coconut and major staple grains (usually eight varieties). A lamp is lighted symbolizing knowledge and household prosperity, and kept alight through the nine nights of Navaratri.[57]

The women worship the pot for nine days by offering rituals and a garland of flowers, leaves, fruits, dry-fruits, etc. with a naivedya, and water is offered in order to get the seeds sprouted. Some families also celebrate Kaali pujan on days 1 and 2, Laxmi pujan on days 3, 4, 5 and Saraswati puja on days 6, 7, 8, 9 along with Ghatasthapana. On the eighth day, a “Yajna” or “Hom” is performed in the name of Goddess Durga. On ninth day, the Ghat puja is done and the Ghat is dissolved after taking off the sprouted leaves of the grains. In many families, a woman from Matang community is called and offered food and blessings are sought from her. She is considered as a form of the Goddess “Matangi”.[citation needed]

The fifth day worship of goddess Lalita is unusually common in Maharashtra.[58] On the occasion of Dasara or Vijayadashmi, the men participate in Ayudha Puja like the rest of India where all sorts of tools, weapons, vehicles and productive instruments are maintained, decorated, thanked and worshipped.[59]

Girls dressed up for music and dance performance, Amman Navarathiri

Tamil NaduEdit

Navaratri has been a historic tradition within Tamil Nadu, with Lakshmi, Saraswati and Durga goddesses the focus.[60] Like the rest of India, the festival has been an occasion for performance arts, particularly Hindu temple dances such as Bharatanatyam and Mohiniyattam. Major palaces, community centers and historic temples have embedded dance halls. For example, the Padmanabhapuram Palace built about 1600 CE has had a large dance hall with intricately carved pillars, a structure entirely made of stone. This dance hall has traditionally been known as Navratri Mantapa.[61] The festivities begin with Vedic chantsinaugurating the dances and other ceremonies. Other Tamil Hindu temples, such as those associated with Sri Vaishnavism, also celebrate the Navarathri festivities.[62]

A large sculpted dance hall inside Padmanabhapuram Palace near Kanyakumari is called Navarathri Mandapam. It features goddess Saraswati and large dance hall.

Another notable Tamil tradition is a celebration of the festival with Golu dolls (also spelled as Gollu). These include gods, goddesses, animals, birds and rural life all in a miniature design. People set up their own creative themes in their homes, called Kolu, friends and families invite each other to visit their homes to view Kolu displays, then exchange gifts and sweets.[63] This tradition is also found in other parts of South India such as Andhra Pradesh where it called Bommala Koluvu, and Karnataka where it is called Gombe Habba or Gombe totti.[60][64] Evidence of Gombe totti tradition as a Hindu celebration of the artisan arts goes back to at least the 14th-century Vijayanagara Empire.[65] In the evening of “Vijayadasami”, any one doll from the “Kolu” is symbolically put to sleep and the Kalasa is moved a bit towards North to mark the end of that year’s Navaratri Kolu. The family offers a prayer of thanks, and wraps up the display.[citation needed]

In temples of Tamil Nadu, Navaratri is celebrated for the Devi’s dwelling in each temples. The temples are decorated, ceremonial lamps are lit, and Vedic chantings are performed. Popular Tamil Nadu temples celebrating Navaratri are Madurai Meenakshi Temple, Chennai Kapaleeswarar temple, Kulasekarapattinam Devi temple, Perambur Ellaiamman temple, Srirangam Ranganathan temple and 8th century Kumari Amman temple. Priests and visitors to some of these temples wear a special yellow colored ‘promise of protection’ thread on their wrists, called kappu (Tamil) or raksha bandhana(Sanskrit). It is believed to symbolize a vow to the goddess and protection from the goddess against evil.[66][67]

TelanganaEdit

A lamp above a Bathukammaflower arrangement, a Telugu Navratri tradition.

In Telangana, Navratri is celebrated as in the rest of India and it ends with Dasara. During the Navaratri nights, a notable Telangana tradition involves Telugu Hindu women who produce Bathukamma for Navratri goddesses. It is an artistic flower decorations driven event, particularly using marigolds, which revere three different aspects Devi, called Tridevi. In 2016, 9.292 women simultaneously participated to create a 20 feet high flower arrangements, one of the world’s largest festive flower arrangement.[68][69]

First three days, the goddess Durga (Parvati) is revered. The next three days, goddess Lakshmi is worshipped. Over the last three days, locals revere the goddess of wisdom, Saraswati. In order to have all-round success in life, believers seek the blessings of all three aspects of the divine femininity, hence the nine nights of worship.[citation needed]

Like elsewhere in India, Ayudha Puja is observed by Telangana Hindus where weapons are maintained, decorated and worshipped. Tradesmen and farmers similarly clean up, decorate and worship their own equipment of trade.[14]

Animal Sacrifice

Outside IndiaEdit

The Hindu diaspora that migrated as indentured servants during colonial era to various plantations and mines around the world, as well as those who migrated on their own, continued to mark their Navratri traditions. Tamil Hindus in Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand, for example, built Hindu temples in southeast Asia in the 19th century, and Navratri has been one of their major traditional festivals.[82] In Trinidad and United Kingdom, Navratri and Diwali have been one of the most visible celebrations of the local Hindu communities from about mid 20th-century.[83][84]

Other religionsEdit

Navratri and goddess worship is mentioned in the historic Sikhism literature, particularly in the Dasam Granth traditionally attributed to Guru Gobind Singh. According to Louis Fenech, the Sikhs have historically mirrored the reverence for Devi Shakti and the worship of weapons in a manner similar to those by Shakta Hindus.[85][86] The second Guru of Sikhiam, Guru Angad was an ardent devotee of goddess Durga.[87]

The Jains have observed the social and cultural celebrations of Navratri with Hindus, such as the folk dances. The stavan poetry of Jainism, states M. Whitney Kelting, “draw much of their imagery from the garba poems” of Hinduism

Happy Navratri 21-29 Sept 2017.  VICTORY OF GOOD OVER EVIL. Shubh Navratrey. Know about Navratri or Navaratri festival. It is a nine-day long festival that is celebrated across India during the autumn season. Read more …

498a WARRIORs MASTER KIT by iComCra| SC 2 LANDMARK JUDGEMENTS OF 2014-17| 250+ CURATED VIDEOS IN ONE YOUTUBE PLAYLIST | NGO’s for MEN & CHILD RIGHTS | SAVE INDIAN FAMILY FOUNDATION RAJESH VAKARIA SWARUP SARKAR | MARTYRS OF MARRIAGE DEEPIKA  NARAYAN BHARDWAJ | SAHODAR SHONEE KAPOOR | VAASTAV FOUNDATION | One Stop Master Curated Media Playlist by iComCra founder SunDeep Bhardwaj ( #mCra #MRM #MRA ) No to Automatic Arrests as per SC . Two biggest judgements in July 2014 of Arnesh Kumar and recent SC Guidelines of 2017. Common man needed these highly anticipated overhaul to most widely abused 498a law often coupled with DV 406 452 34 125 etc in India which were meant for Women Empowerment and Safety but actually putting more women inside bars then safeguarding them. Biggest 498a Media Playlist ( Around 250+ Curated Videos in one playlist in this one blog regularly updated ) for all those 498a warriors and MRA’s. Compiled by SDBWP Curated Media TV for #iComCra International Coalition of Men and Child Rights Activists. GUIDELINES BY SCI to all Law agencies and lower courts of Indian States and Indian Districts to stop these arrests and make Distict Cells without any involvement of Police , Judges , CAW cells , or Mahila Thanas where mostly Women are favoured and Men are harassed. The Focus is clear and instructions to lower courts police and law agencies is spot on and meant to stop these Automatic Arrests made in cases like 498a which are highly abused and false in nature and on exponential growth in present times. See the contents of these two Landmark judgements for betterment of society. Well much deserved Guidelines in right time when Abuse and misuse of 498a is at exponential heights. The playlist here is biggest Media collection ever you can avail in one link online bit.ly/iComCra498aMedia

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Arnesh Kumar vs State Of Bihar & Anr on 2 July, 2014 – Indian Kanoon ( Judgement attached in end of this blog the first landmark judgement )


LATEST TRENDING Breaking ; No Automatic Arrest in 498-A Cases, SC Issues Strict guidelines to Police and Magistrates, Non Compliance will Attract Disciplinary & Contempt Proceedings

[ Read the Judgment. https://www.scribd.com/mobile/doc/232342360/No-Automatic-Arrest-in-498-A-Cases?skip_app_promo=true

  ] 

Source : LIVE LAW NEWS NETWORK JULY 2, 2014 11:43 PM …

http://www.livelaw.in/automatic-arrest-498-cases-sc-issues-strict-guidelines-police-magistrates-non-compliance-will-attract-disciplinary-contempt-proceedings/

Allmost a End of 498a  ( About which every aware and social Indian knows in present times that 497a is a Most Abused Indian law which punishes women more than it safe gaurds them. Around 2,00,000 people ( 2014 alone ) have been arrested in an average every year and mostly women when the Conviction rate is 15.7 percent in average and mostly 85 percent of cases go in aquittal at the end since such cases are based on false allegations and false framing of husband and there families who have never demanded dowry or had a plan to harass a women in there home after giving her warm entry to there sweet home or even without having any malafide intention to toture a women in there home. 
A question arises is why would anyways in today’s world a family want to marry a girl if she is from a EWS Economically Weaker Section if they have a greed for money ( SDB case ) when they are well to do allready. Well I do not think that any educated and well to do family with morals will ever demand dowry or will like to marry a girl from a poor or EWS or similar middle class background for money when they are self susufficient. Intentions of such elite families and elderly can never be on lines Unscrupulous families who misuse severe crimal calls and make a good marriage a irrepairbale marriage. Well if they had such intentions why not they rather look for a daughter of a business tycoon or a royal family or a celebrity or a person living in palace rather than someone living in Old Mud Stone Wood or EWS houses or even in middle call if India. 
If anyone wants to marry someone for dowry I am sure then have well researched checked the finances of the family before they go for marriage and then make all evidences and plan traps for the innocent families before blackmailing and  then finally  slamming no of false cases  for extortion and meeting there demands or for a complete dominance of there daughters in the in laws family.

Well as most of you must have been allready aware that Demanding Dowry or Giving Dowry both are punishable equally in Indian law so i do not see it a routine or coming practise that anyone would like to take this illegal route unless greed is only driving factor of ones life. And if a family has demanded dowry or taken dowry there must definitely be valid bills bank transactions and purchases and cheques and such scenarios will invite a illegal act and nothing much of dispute remains and both one giving and one receiving such dowry is at fault and will pay for it. 
However we at iComCra do not deny that some families might be giving gifts to there children but not with intention of dowry or anything realted to this word. And if dowry is taken or given it definitely should be punished and we all MRA are in this favour. 

If a person or husband who have married someone with hidden motives of money extortion and blackmailing without any penny in name of dowry or any illegal materialistic demand ( like SDB vs State via HS EWS Disgruntled family ) and added by the fact that it’s not going to happen in SDB family now before or even in future as his parents are self sustained and well to do and educated people and were very clear about this topic of dowry from the very start of family discussions that they would never want it and they were against such social menace.
But ironically in today’s World which has lost glory still such digbified families ( SDB ) are prone to  harassment by liers and sick elements of society and there sick minds who misguide there daughters  and even at times force them to file false cases ( Like Unscruplous 498 a 452 , 34 in SDB vs HS did ). But such incidents of society and dealing with such lowely people and families  who can do anything for greed of money results in birth of another Men & Child Rights activist and finally gives fuel to this Men Rights Monentd and Child Roghts Moment and also Brothers Sisters , Relatives & Parents of Falsely accused Husband’s. No doubt these development sin society are for it’s betterment and lead to good judgents by apex courts like 2014 Arnesh Kumar or SC Guidelines of 2017 but how does the conscience of such greedy families allow the to go so low and loose humanity and implicated innocent elders and everyone in family . 
Birth of such MRA’s and Social Men & Child Rights activists is highly important for controlung such menace and give social exposure and awareness about possible flaws of our legal system and society the defence mechanism and sometimes  even legal  counter case  offence against such fraudulant families.  We at iComCra suggest to fight against misuse , do not give a penny to such greedy people rather fight for your rights and fight on merits and keep all evidences you collected in months and years of torture for final release at courts and give then a run for there sick deeds . 
Forgive but never forget there faces , give then one two or three chances if you are daring enough ( SDB did that for 2 years afterby498a was slammed just in 9 months of marriage ) but then simply bury them as much in ground as high they think they are with all there heights. Every such misuse of law is  worth a healthy fight in form of defence in form of counter cases and even child rights cases and also defamation cases in the courts for the truth to win and for fight on merits and no submitting to evils of soxiety. No doubt what the legal consequences are or no doubt if you have to park your visions or sell or shell them off or hold on to your ambitions for years, you better take it but do not bow to mean and cunning and undeserved . A single truth is bihger and will allways won when head on with even thousand lies . Fight for your child rights ( Like SDB was alienated as a father from his child Nayeli Aakrita Bhardwaj  in 18 days of her birth in 9.5 months of  marriage and then reunited for a 1?5 year after a mediation and compromise struck and then again alienated by the HS family for allmost 1?5 years now. How far is it correct to alienate a 3 year old kid from care and live of father or even sight of him is a big question to law makers of the country . How can a child be abducted by mother’s and given no access to father and this innocent infant soul does not even have words to express this and even means or law in favour  ). 
Fight bravely lock there horns and give  then a treat of life for there shreud , cunning and lowely actions and false cases . Never forget that , HUNDRED LIES TOGETHER ALSO CANNOT BEAT A SINGLE TRUTH be it in courts , in life or in in results later after this bad karma or even in life after this birth. What we so is what we reap . Of we make pits  outside our his doors for someone to fall in them then we ourselves will fall first and have to pay in long run. One advise to such women is that everyone will slowly leave you woth time and own brithers ajd sisters will ditch yku ajd then day is not far even your own abducted daughter will ditch you one day. 
The key is that truth wins in life is one truth itself forget fights in courts police stations or  power game. The lier of Karma is far bigger than any thing in sight or mind of humans . Nothing can beat Kindness Humanity Goodwill Gentle and Good life. Kindness and Humanity is a sole winner and all corrupt and greedy peooe will have to loose to Noble and Good famikies badly sooner or later. 
Judgements Discussions and Various topics are all added in this YouTube Playlist  Curated by SDBWP™ Curated Media TV with Landmark Judgements and Media including ones releases in period  (August 2014-2017 August )uidelines released recently after Landmark judgement of Arnesh Kumar in 2014 which gave a tight slap to these disgruntled women in India ( Not all ) who misuse law in and out for settling scores and dominate innocent families and mostly for Money Extortion. 

This blackmailing by these cunning women has to be severely punished one day by Law also is our intaienin this misuse. Though for sure Karma they have earned will definately pay them in the life for sure not later but in this birth only.

Congratulations to all aggrived men out there we MRA’s are both from such injustice to men and every time when misuse of laws take place and gender biased attitude of society supports it our MRM takes the momentum looking for some change and our efforts are being wisely awarded with these landmark judgements of 2014 and Guidelines of 2017 by SC… 
The Hard work of MRA’s all over India and abroad have paved this way and new guidelines are perfect to eradicate this menace of society where innocent families are framed and falsely implicated in India. This is a much awaited change and SC has taken a right course and measures and we expect more gender equality laws and strict punishments for false filing of cases and stop this menace of society where allmost 5,00,000 pending cases run with 85 percent of them being false as per NCRB data and resulting is aquittal at end but costing a child a good future as the women behind is Digruntled and Sefish and harassment of family who never took a penny in name of dowry. Still 498a DV 34 etc slammed and how come law not be there to punish these culpritsm awe demand and request Law makers for these changes in India which are well documented by INSAAF FOUNDATION which iComCra NGO also demands .

Our Demands:

1.) Demand for separate Men’s welfare ministry and National common for Men; strangely this 50% population is not covered under any welfare ministry.

2.) Demand to create a separate union ministry exclusively for children & delink the present Women and child development ministry as Womens’ rights and child rights are totally different and thus children are not the priority.

3.) Scrapping gender biased laws like 498A, 125 CrPC etc and establish a Gender Neutral Environment by creating gender neutral laws.

4.) Equal punishment for people who misuse dowry law, domestic violence and rape laws in order extort maximum money or to separate families with the idea of de-linking the paternal family from bestowing love and affection.

5.) Amend Guardians & Wards Act, and make shared parenting mandatory to both fit parents and ensure that all child custody cases should be disposed off after trial within 6 months of application in these courts.

6.) Family laws should be reformed and made sensitive towards the feelings of father. Husband/Father should not be treated only as ATM machines, who has been treated just as duty bound to pay maintenance rather they should also be given rights to see and should be given access to his children.

7.) Initiate social and familial reforms to reinforce joint family system. So that every member plays an active role in family system. Husband/Father should not be treated only as duty bound ATM machines, they should be given their rights also; and responsibilities be shared among the Husband and Wife

8) The District Cells as advised by SC in 2017 judgement must comprise of NGO’s who are well trained by a team under Judges and even given a right to give there obersevances which discussing and counselling a dispute in family 
9) A law should be passed and strico guidelines he issued to Police to not give any undue advantage to women unless she is found to be physically abused or a serious crime has taken place. Being women does not entitles or label her helpless and aggrieved as lot of false cases filed under 498a lead to 85 percent aquittals which clearky shows that how abused is this law in India . We can see on the media provided here on this it that in name of Women Empowerment and Safety lot of misuse is at exponential growth and spoiling future of samll children and even leading to irretrievable breakdown of marriages not only in years but even in months of marriage. A serious structure to it has to be added and more reform are required but the misuse should be punished foremostm . If someone is guilty ( respondant ) he better be punished and if allegations are false then the applicant should be punished with equal penalty. And gender biased outdated laws should have no place in society. Remove Husband and Wofe with Spouse and Men and Women with Person and keep all laws same then only gender unequality can be avoided . The child should have access to both parents in case of siputr and not just being mother and women deems her fir to take the physical custody and this is clear that father’s love and care has lot to do with well being of child and no way a innocent child should be deprived of this right he she should have by default. Well I don’t know if our law makers or SC has anything in these lines but yes we MRA’s are shouting loud and I hope someone there is listening and make this change to effect one day soon.
10 Land Mark divorce cases in favor of husbands
1. HIGH COURT OF PUNJAB AND HARYANA AT CHANDIGARH
Dr. Anita Rani V/s Dr. Suresh Kumar
Wife files false criminal cases against the husband, breaking & throwing mangal sutra, getting husband arrested, neglecting household and ill-treated husband etc. are cruelty. P & H HC affirms lower court decree. Divorce granted by the court.
2.  Madras High Court
A.P. Ranga Rao vs Vijayalakshmi
Wife made  Suicide attempt as the husband did NOT set up the separate house. Madras HC  granted a divorce for a husband. On several occasions wife threatened to commit suicide. She insisted on the husband  to start a separate establishment after severing his connection with the other members of his family, namely, mother, brother, brother’s wife and unmarried brother.
 

3. Bombay High Court
Smt. Nirmala Manohar Jagesha vs Manohar Shivram Jagesha
High Court analyses that the husband has NOT proven cruelty during matrimonial life, also not proven that the wife is of unsound mind and he is entitled to get a divorce on the basis of wild, reckless and baseless allegations of impotency, lack of masculinity made by the wife.
4. Delhi High Court
Chandhok (Lajwanti)  vs  Chandhok
Wife drives husband out of the matrimonial home, assaulted and abused him, refused to cohabit all cruelty. HC observed that husband subjected to cruelty & has become unendurable and granted divorce to him.
6. Delhi High Court
Smt. Alka vs Dr. R.K. Gautam
Wife Refused to have sex and threatened husband with suicide, ill-treating and uncaring attitude is shown towards relatives of husband. Delhi HC decreed the Divorce.
7. HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT BOMBAY
Anil Yashwant Karande,      Vs  Smt. Mangal Anil Karande
Wife files a false case on 498a against the husband.  Bombay HC accepts the innocence of husband and it ends in discharge of the accused husband and his people and granted him divorce
8. THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
K.SRINIVAS   V/s K. SUNITA
Wife files a criminal complaint under section 307 read with 34, 148A, 384, 324 of IPC. Husband and seven members of his family were arrested on this. It was argued that this was solitary criminal complaint and cannot be considered as cruelty.Divorce granted by observing that even one false criminal complaint by wife constitutes matrimonial cruelty. 
9. HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT BOMBAY
Shri Mangesh Balkrushna Bhoir    Vs  Sau. Leena Mangesh Bhoir 
Hon HC granted a divorce to the man even though trial court not specifically mentioned 498a filed by women was false. HC observed that the women have filed false cases and treated husband cruelly. Man files for divorce and granted by the civil judge but due to appeals case finally reaches the Bombay HC.
10. HIGH COURT AT CALCUTTA
Rita Bandopadhyay  v/s  Abhik Bandopadhyay
Wife claims that husband had illicit relations with own sister, abuse him in the office, deserted him and stops him seeing own son. Divorce granted by the court and appreciates statements and evidence that proves cruelty of wife to husband. It takes about 21 years after desertion to get a divorce in this case.

 #MRA #MRM #ShoneeKapoor #DeepikaNarayanBhardwaj #RajeshVakaria #SIFF #SwarupSarkar #MartyrsOfMarriage #iComCra #WeddingBellsFilm #WeddingBells #498aWeddingGift #FightAgainstMisuseOfLaws498aDV34others  

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Thanks Mr Shiva Nadar a NRI residing in Dubai UAE United Arab Emirates for your valuable post and feedback and inspiring us the MRA’s ( Men Rights Activists ) for MRM ( Men Rights Movement ) in India and internationally under my NGO #iComCra ( International Coalition of Men & Child Rights Activists )
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67 Cases in couple a record
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Recent Interesting Articles by #SDBFQ #SdbMRM #SdbMCRA
http://bit.ly/LegalTerrorism
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Attached Screenshots from Timeline and list by Shiva Nader a NRI at location Dubai UAE 


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A Fine Media Artist, Filmmaker, Fine Art Photographer , Enterpreneur , Visionary and Men & Child Rights Activist.


498a WARRIOR MASTER KIT by iComCra| 2 LANDMARK JUDGEMENTS OF 2017 & 2014| 250+ CURATED VIDEOS IN ONE YOUTUBE PLAYLIST | NGO’s for MEN & CHILD RIGHTS | SAVE INDIAN FAMILY FOUNDATION RAJESH VAKARIA SWARUP SARKAR | MARTYRS OF MARRIAGE DEEPIKA  NARAYAN BHARDWAJ | SAHODAR SHONEE KAPOOR | VAASTAV FOUNDATION | One Stop Master Curated Media Playlist by iComCra founder SunDeep Bhardwaj ( #mCra #MRM #MRA ) No to Automatic Arrests as per SUPREME COURTS OF INDIA’s . Two biggest judgements in July 2017 after Arnesh Kumar August 2017 judgement. Common man needed these highly anticipated overhaul to most widely abused 498a law often coupled with DV 406 452 34 125 etc in India which were meant for Women Empowerment and Safety but actually putting more women inside bars then safeguarding them. Biggest 498a Media Playlist ( Around 250+ Curated Videos in one playlist in this one blog regularly updated ) for all those 498a warriors and MRA’s. Compiled by SDBWP Curated Media TV for #iComCra International Coalition of Men and Child Rights Activists. GUIDELINES BY SCI to all Law agencies and lower courts of Indian States and Indian Districts to stop these arrests and make Distict Cells without any involvement of Police , Judges , CAW cells , or Mahila Thanas where mostly Women are favoured and Men are harassed. The Focus is clear and instructions to lower courts police and law agencies is spot on and meant to stop these Automatic Arrests made in cases like 498a which are highly abused and false in nature and on exponential growth in present times. See the contents of these two Landmark judgements for betterment of society. Well much deserved Guidelines in right time when Abuse and misuse of 498a is at exponential heights. The playlist here is biggest Media collection ever you can avail in one link online bit.ly/iComCra498aMedia


Allmost a End of 498a  ( About which every aware and social Indian knows in present times that 497a is a Most Abused Indian law which punishes women more than it safe gaurds them. Around 2,00,000 people ( 2014 alone ) have been arrested in an average every year and mostly women when the Conviction rate is 2 percent in average and mostly 85 percent of cases go in aquittal as the end since such cases are based on false allegations and false framing of husband and there families who have never demanded dowry or had a plan to harass a women in there home or had a intention to toture a women in there home. Why would anyways in today’s world a family want to marry a girl if she is from a EWS Economically Weaker Section if they have a greed for money ( SDB case ) when they are well to do allready. Well I do not think that any educated and well to do family with morals will ever demand dowry or will like to marry a girl from a poor or EWS or similar middle class background as it’s no way the Intentions of such elite families specially in modern world to think of Dowry and Money extortion. Well they rather would look for a daughter of a business tycoon or a royal family or a celebrity or a person living in palace rather than someone living in Old Mud Stone Wood EWS houses. If anyone wants to marry someone for dowry I am sure then  have well checked the finances of the family they want to blackmail and extort for there I’ll deeds. Well as most of you mist have been Allready aware that Demanding Dowry or Giving Down both are punishable equally in Indian law so o don not see that anyone would like to take that illegal route. And if you have taken the there must be valid bills bank transactions and purchases and cheques and such scenarios will invite a illegal act and nothing much of dispute remains and both one giving and one receiving such dowry is at falunt and will pay for it. However I do not deny that some families might be giving gifts to there children but not on intention of demand ofor dowry. And if dowry is taken it should be punished we all MRA are in this favour. However for a person or husband who have married someone just without any dowry or any illegal materialistic demand ( like SDB in a EWS family with so called Disgruntled HS ) and added by the fact that it’s not going to happen in SDB family now before or even in future as his parents are self sustained and well to do and educated people. But ironically still such families are prone to  harassment by liers and sick elements of society and there families  who misguide there daughters  and force them to file false cases ( Like Unscruplous 497aHs family did in SDB case ). But such incidents of society and dealing with such lowely people and families  who can do anything for greed of money results in birth of another Men & Child Rights activist. I’s a birth of another MRA and Social Men & Child Rights activist important for socioa exposure and soersading awareness about possible flaws of our legal system and socity and it’s fradukant inhabitants. I suggest to fight against misuse , do not give a penny to such greedy people rather fight for your rights and fight on merits and keep all evidences you collected in months and years of torture for final release at courts and give then a run for there sick deeds . Forgive but never forget there faces , give then one two or three chances of you are daring enough but then simply bury them as much in ground as high they are worth a healthy fight in courts for the truth and on merits. No doubt what the legal consequences or no doubt if you have to park your visions or sell them off or hold on to your ambitions for years take it but do not bow to mean and cunning and undeserved ( Like SDB was alienated as a father from his child 3yrs Nayeli Aakrita Bhardwaj ). Fight bravely lock there horns and give  then a treat of life for there screwed and lowely actions be it false cases .Never forget that , HUNDRED LIES TOGETHER ALSO CANNOT BEAT A SINGLE TRUTH in courts in life in Karma Results or after life. So Truth is the key and truth wins inife forget foghts and legal court battles and  power emphasis. Nothing can beat a truth of life it’s a sole winner and all corrupt will have to loose badly to it. Judgements are all added in this YouTube Playlist  Curated by SDBWP™ Curated Media TV with Landmark Judgements and Media including ones releases in period  (August 2014-2017 August )uidelines released recently after Landmark judgement of Arnesh Kumar in 2014 which gave a tight slap to these disgruntled women in India ( Not all ) who misuse law in and out for settling scores and dominate Noble families and most for a Money Extortion. This blackmailing by these cunning women has to be severely punished one day by Law also though Karma they have earned will definately pay them in the lifetime for sure in this birth only.  … Congratulations to effort so we all Men Roghts Activists… The Hard work has paced this way and new guidelines are perfect to eradicate this menace of society where innocent families are framed and falsely implicated in India. This is a much awaited change.  Thanks to efforts of #MRA #MRM #ShoneeKapoor #DeepikaNarayanBhardwaj #RajeshVakaria #SIFF #SwarupSarkar #MartyrsOfMarriage #iComCra #WeddingBellsFilm #WeddingBells #498aWeddingGift #FightAgainstMisuseOfLaws498aDV34others  

All 250+ Curated Videos in one link
498a TIMELINE MILESTONES . Curated Media Playlist: 

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498a WARRIOR MASTER KIT by iComCra| 2 LANDMARK JUDGEMENTS OF 2017 & 2014| 250+ CURATED VIDEOS IN ONE YOUTUBE PLAYLIST | NGO’s for MEN & CHILD RIGHTS | SAVE INDIAN FAMILY FOUNDATION RAJESH VAKARIA SWARUP SARKAR | MARTYRS OF MARRIAGE DEEPIKA  NARAYAN BHARDWAJ | SAHODAR SHONEE KAPOOR | VAASTAV FOUNDATION | One Stop Master Curated Media Playlist by iComCra founder SunDeep Bhardwaj ( #mCra #MRM #MRA ) No to Automatic Arrests as per SUPREME COURTS OF INDIA’s . Two biggest judgements in July 2017 after Arnesh Kumar August 2017 judgement. Common man needed these highly anticipated overhaul to most widely abused 498a law often coupled with DV 406 452 34 125 etc in India which were meant for Women Empowerment and Safety but actually putting more women inside bars then safeguarding them. Biggest 498a Media Playlist ( Around 250+ Curated Videos in one playlist in this one blog regularly updated ) for all those 498a warriors and MRA’s. Compiled by SDBWP Curated Media TV for #iComCra International Coalition of Men and Child Rights Activists. GUIDELINES BY SCI to all Law agencies and lower courts of Indian States and Indian Districts to stop these arrests and make Distict Cells without any involvement of Police , Judges , CAW cells , or Mahila Thanas where mostly Women are favoured and Men are harassed. The Focus is clear and instructions to lower courts police and law agencies is spot on and meant to stop these Automatic Arrests made in cases like 498a which are highly abused and false in nature and on exponential growth in present times. See the contents of these two Landmark judgements for betterment of society. Well much deserved Guidelines in right time when Abuse and misuse of 498a is at exponential heights. The playlist here is biggest Media collection ever you can avail in one link online bit.ly/iComCra498aMedia

498a WARRIORs MASTER KIT by iComCra| SC 2 LANDMARK JUDGEMENTS OF 2014-17| 250+ CURATED VIDEOS IN ONE YOUTUBE PLAYLIST | NGO’s for MEN & CHILD RIGHTS | SAVE INDIAN FAMILY FOUNDATION RAJESH VAKARIA SWARUP SARKAR | MARTYRS OF MARRIAGE DEEPIKA  NARAYAN BHARDWAJ | SAHODAR SHONEE KAPOOR | VAASTAV FOUNDATION | One Stop Master Curated Media Playlist by iComCra founder SunDeep Bhardwaj ( #mCra #MRM #MRA ) No to Automatic Arrests as per SC . Two biggest judgements in July 2014 of Arnesh Kumar and recent SC Guidelines of 2017. Common man needed these highly anticipated overhaul to most widely abused 498a law often coupled with DV 406 452 34 125 etc in India which were meant for Women Empowerment and Safety but actually putting more women inside bars then safeguarding them. Biggest 498a Media Playlist ( Around 250+ Curated Videos in one playlist in this one blog regularly updated ) for all those 498a warriors and MRA’s. Compiled by SDBWP Curated Media TV for #iComCra International Coalition of Men and Child Rights Activists. GUIDELINES BY SCI to all Law agencies and lower courts of Indian States and Indian Districts to stop these arrests and make Distict Cells without any involvement of Police , Judges , CAW cells , or Mahila Thanas where mostly Women are favoured and Men are harassed. The Focus is clear and instructions to lower courts police and law agencies is spot on and meant to stop these Automatic Arrests made in cases like 498a which are highly abused and false in nature and on exponential growth in present times. See the contents of these two Landmark judgements for betterment of society. Well much deserved Guidelines in right time when Abuse and misuse of 498a is at exponential heights. The playlist here is biggest Media collection ever you can avail in one link online bit.ly/iComCra498aMedia

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